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The Theodor-Heuss-Platz (by residents simply called Theo) is a large city square in Berlin. It's located in the locality of Westend in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district. Following streets are leading into Theodor-Heuss-Platz:
Underneath is the U-Bahn station Theodor-Heuss-Platz.
The square was constructed between 1904 and 1908 and was named Reichskanzlerplatz. At the beginning the square was still without houses.
On 21 April 1933 the square was renamed Adolf-Hitler-Platz. According to plans for the „Welthauptstadt Germania“ by Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer the square was to have an important role at the western end of the east-west axis. It was also planned to rename the square after Benito Mussolini as Mussoliniplatz. On 31 July 1947 the square's name returned to Reichskanzlerplatz.
Via Kaiserdamm, Bismarckstraße and Straße des 17. Juni, the Theodor-Heuss-Platz is connected in a straight axis with Ernst-Reuter-Platz, the Berlin Victory Column, the Brandenburg Gate as well as Unter den Linden street and the Schloßplatz. The axis is continued in the west by the Heerstraße in a straight line until Scholzplatz.
At the south of the square is the former Edinburgh House, the Deutschlandhaus and the Amerikahaus (clockwise). The at the beginning of the Heerstraße located Amerikahaus was known as the Summit House, Jerboa Cinema and Naafi centre until the British Forces left Berlin in 1994. Today it is used by the Cabaret Die Wühlmäuse. Since 1937 the studios of TV Station Paul Nipkow were located in the Deutschlandhaus. The Edinburgh House was a British Forces Hotel.
In 1970, the on the eastern edge of the square located 18-story high TV centre of the Sender Freies Berlin (SFB) was finished. After the merger with the ORB on 1 May 2003 it became home of the now created Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (RBB). Close by in Masurenallee is the Haus des Rundfunks, finished 1930, which was seat of the east German Berliner Rundfunk before the founding of the SFB. It is located straight across the exhibition ground and the Funkturm.
Memorials and Art
The Bleu Obelisk was placed opposite the Eternal Flame in 1995.
In 1989 the sculpture duo Two Heads was erected at the eastern edge of the square, across Masurenallee..
Media related to Theodor-Heuss-Platz (Berlin) at Wikimedia Commons
- Bezirkslexikon at berlin.de (German):
- BAOR Locations - Berlin various
- Berliner Untergrund.de about Theodor-Heuss Platz (german)