Third rail of politics
The third rail of a nation's politics is a metaphor for any issue so controversial that it is "charged" and "untouchable"; any politician or public official who dares to broach the subject will invariably suffer politically. The term is most commonly used in North America. The "third rail of American politics" is often said to be cutting Social Security; the "third rail" of Canadian politics is said to be public health care.
The third rail in a railway is the exposed electrical conductor that carries high voltage power. Stepping on the high-voltage third rail usually results in electrocution. The use of the term in politics serves to emphasize the "shock" that results from raising the controversial idea, and the "political death" (or political suicide) that the unaware or provocative politician would encounter as a result. Disagreement may occur over whether a specific issue is a "third rail" issue. What is considered a "third rail" issue varies by country. Third-rail issues usually only die when politicians who have proven their credentials on related matters ignore the taboo and openly challenge the controversial issue.
Examples of usage in American politics
- Withdrawal of Social Security benefits.
- Withdrawal of Medicare benefits
- Gun control and firearm illegalization.
- Antidumping and countervailing duty withdrawal.
- Abortion after rape or incest.
- "Third rail politics" by Chicago Tribune
- "Why is Social Security Called the Third Rail of American Politics?" by Senior Living - About.com
- "There Are No Fours: The Second Amendment and the Third Rail" by Blogspot
- "Is Gun Control Still "Third Rail" for Dems?" The Democratic Strategist
- "Antidumping: The Third Rail of Trade Policy" by ForeignAffairs.com - Council on Foreign Relations
- Christine M. Flowers (24 August 2012). "Searching for light and truth in the Todd Akin controversy". The Philadelphia Enquirer. Retrieved 2012-08-27.