Thorn EMI Liberator
The Thorn EMI Liberator was a laptop word processor, produced in the United Kingdom by Thorn EMI, primarily intended for use by UK Government civil servants. Released in 1985, it is considered to be the first mass-produced British laptop.
The design of the Liberator was instigated in 1983 by the UK Government's Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA). It was envisaged as a portable device to allow civil servants to write and print their own reports, rather than using the services of typists. The CCTA initially contacted Dragon Data to develop the product, but the company went into administration shortly afterwards, and the engineering team were taken on by Thorn EMI to continue the project in 1984. The Liberator entered limited production in early 1985 and was officially launched in September of that year.
Despite plans for improved Liberator Mk1A and Mk2 variants, production of the Liberator ended in September 1986.
The Liberator was based on a Zilog Z80A microprocessor and an FPGA implementing the screen controller, keyboard interface and other I/O logic. The LCD display had a resolution of 480 x 128 pixels, or 80 columns by 16 lines of text. Interfaces comprised two S5/8 serial ports and two expansion buses, one specifically for extra RAM. Two battery packs were available, a NiCad rechargeable pack giving 12 hours operation, or one holding four AA cell giving 16 hours. The Liberator had 40 kB of internal RAM as standard, plus an optional 24 kB which could be write-protected by means of an external switch and had its own button cell battery to provide non-volatile storage. Another 24 kB of non-volatile RAM could be plugged into the external RAM expansion bus.
The external dimensions of the Liberator were 295 x 252 x 35mm.
- Smith, Tony (12 November 2012). "Liberator: the untold story of the first British laptop (part 1)". The Register. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Smith, Tony (14 November 2012). "Liberator: the untold story of the first British laptop (part 2)". The Register. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Smith, Tony (16 November 2012). "Liberator: the untold story of the first British laptop (part 3)". The Register. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
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