Three Marches Militaires (Schubert)
The first of the three is far more famous than the others. It is one of Schubert's most famous compositions, and it is often simply referred to as "Schubert's Marche militaire".
It is not certain when the Marches militaires were written: many scholars favour 1818 but some prefer alternative dates such as 1822 or 1824. It is known that they were written during Schubert's stay at Count Johann Karl Esterházy's summer home in Zseliz in Hungary (this is now Želiezovce in Slovakia). He had accepted a job there as music teacher to the Count's daughters, and these and similar works were written for instructional purposes.
They are all in ternary form, with a central trio leading to a reprise of the main march.
March No. 1 in D major
- Allegro vivace. The trio is in G major.
- This march is one of Schubert's most famous melodies, and it has been arranged for full orchestra, military bands, and many different combinations of instruments.
- It has been quoted in various other works, including Igor Stravinsky's Circus Polka, and even in Walt Disney's animated short Santa's Workshop.
- Franz Liszt paraphrased March No. 1 for solo piano as Grand paraphrase de concert, S.426a.
- Carl Tausig also wrote a version for solo piano, in D-flat major, which has been recorded by pianists such as Vladimir Horowitz, Evgeny Kissin, Josef Hofmann, Georges Cziffra, Alicia de Larrocha and Leopold Godowsky.
- This march was used as theme music by the Autolite company to promote its products, notably in a 1940 promotional film produced by the Jam Handy organization, famous for its closing sequence, which featured stop motion animation of the products marching past Autolite factories. An abbreviated version of this sequence was later used in television ads for Autolite, especially those on the 1950s CBS program Suspense, which Autolite sponsored.
March No. 2 in G major
- Allegro molto moderato
March No. 3 in E-flat major
- Allegro moderato
Recordings of the original piano 4-hand version include those by Christoph Eschenbach and Justus Frantz, Radu Lupu and Daniel Barenboim, Robert Levin and Malcolm Bilson, Evgeny Kissin and James Levine and Artur Schnabel and Karl Ulrich Schnabel.
Messing, Scott. 2014. Marching to the Canon: The Life of Schubert's "Marche militaire". Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 978-1-58-46-438-3.