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This page concerns the class of angels in the Christian tradition; for other meanings see Throne (disambiguation).

The Thrones (Latin: thronus, pl. throni) are a class of celestial beings mentioned by Paul the Apostle in Colossians 1:16 (New Testament) and related to the Throne of God. They are living symbols of God's justice and authority. According to the New Testament, these high celestial beings are among those Orders at the Christ's service.[1][2] The Thrones are mentioned again in Revelation 11:16.

According to Matthew Bunson, the corresponding order of angels in Judaism is called the "abalim" or "arelim"/"erelim",[3] but this opinion is far from unrivaled. The Hebrew word Erelim is usually not translated "Thrones", but rather "valiant ones", "heroes", "warriors". The function ascribed to Erelim in Is. 33.7 and in Jewish folklore[4] is not consonant with the lore surrounding the Thrones.

The Ophanim (Wheels or Galgallin) is a class of higher liberated celestial beings, under many Christian angelic hierarchies, that are also known as the "Thrones", from Daniel 7:9 (Old Testament). They are the carriers of the Throne of God, hence the name. They are said to be great wheels covered in eyes.

Angels in the Western Wisdom Teachings[edit]

Dionysius the Areopagite includes the Thrones as the third highest of 9 levels of angels.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Colossians 1:14-20
  2. ^ 1 Peter 3:21-22
  3. ^ Bunson, Matthew. Angels A to Z. New York:Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996. ISBN 0-517-88537-9.
  4. ^ Louis Ginzberg: Legends of the Jews 5:23, n. 64; 5:417, n. 117