Time for print
Time for print (also known as trade for print or test for print, TFP and sometimes also print for time or PFT) is a term used in many online photography communities describing an arrangement between a model and a photographer, whereby the photographer agrees to provide the model with an agreed number of pictures of the best photographs from the session and a limited license to use those pictures in return for the model's time. A variant of this arrangement is Time for CD or Trade for CD (TFCD). With TFCD, the selection of images is provided on a CD in lieu of prints. Similarly, with the ease and convenience of digital distribution of high resolution images, the generic term TF* has evolved, where it does not necessarily refer to a tangible CD or Printed image since the same accepted rules apply.
There are benefits to both parties of such an arrangement: the model can build a portfolio of prints to show to prospective clients at little or no cost, while the photographer gets a model for a particular project with little if any outlay of cash.
Every photo shoot arranged on the various online modelling communities is negotiated separately, with the consequence that the terms agreed will vary widely from one to another. The number of pictures which the photographer will deliver to the model can range from a single photograph for the shoot up to six A4 prints for each hour that the shoot lasts. Speed of delivery can vary widely as well, from a CD burned at the end of the shoot before the model leaves up to several months. Unless such a delay has been specifically discussed and agreed prior to the shoot, finished pictures should be delivered within two weeks.
Modelling levels (i.e. whether the modelling is to be done clothed or will involve a degree of nudity) also need to be fully agreed before the shoot starts. Once the shoot has started, the photographer should not "push" the model's levels.
Depending on applicable local laws, the model or the photographer might agree to limit their usage of pictures from a shoot, either such that the model will only use specifically agreed pictures on online portfolios (such as to avoid sub-standard pictures being used and damaging the photographer's reputation) or perhaps that the photographer will only use certain images in printed publications and not on the internet.
Legal requirements for a model release vary from place to place and from situation to situation, as does the situation regarding copyright. For example, under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, a photographer in the United Kingdom can, subject to certain exclusions and unless specifically agreed to the contrary, use any photograph in any way he or she chooses, including selling them for profit. This does not necessarily apply in other countries. These issues should be discussed and agreed prior to the shoot, in writing if necessary.
Negotiated compensation for a model's time can range from a straight cash figure, possibly including an amount for travel expenses or, depending on legal requirements, an extra amount for signing a model release, to a simple number of pictures in a chosen format. It can include part-pay, part-TFP arrangements or "Time For Clothes" agreements where the model is given some or all of the clothing which was procured for the shoot.
While this term is sometimes used to mean TFP, it is more commonly used by agencies in the context of sending a new model to a photographer for a short session for portfolio pictures. While the model will be responsible for paying for these pictures, the cost will normally be paid for in advance by the agency with the money then deducted from the model's earnings. Test shoots are also used by models to build experience. Traditional agencies do not recognise the term time for print.
- Macdonald, p.120
- Macdonald, p.124
- Macdonald, pp.110-117
- Macdonald, p.128
- Macdonald, p.126
- "Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (c. 48)". Office of Public Sector Information. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
- Macdonald, p.127
- Macdonald, p.122
- Macdonald, p.125
- Williams & O'Connor, p.182
- Williams & O'Connor, p.183
- Williams & O'Connor, p.174