Toledo Nanochess

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Toledo Nanochess
Developer(s) Oscar Toledo G
Type Chess engine
Website Toledo Nanochess

Toledo Nanochess is a chess engine developed by Mexican Oscar Toledo Gutiérrez, a five times winner of the IOCCC. According to IOCCC rules it is 1255 characters. The author claims that it is the world's smallest chess program written in C.

The source code for Toledo Nanochess and other engines is available.[1] Because Toledo Nanochess is based on Toledo's winning entry from the 18th IOCCC (Best Game[2]) it is heavily obfuscated. Recently (February 2, 2014) the author has published a book "Toledo Nanochess: The commented source code" containing the fully commented source code.

At this date (February 7, 2010) appears to be only two chess engines written in less than 2 kilobytes of C that are able to play the full legal chess moves: Toledo Nanochess and the Micro-Max by Dutch H.G. Muller.


  • Toledo Picochess (944 non-blank characters)
  • Toledo Nanochess (1257 non-blank characters)

Source code excerpt[edit]

B,i,y,u,b,I[411],*G=I,x=10,z=15,M=1e4;X(w,c,h,e,S,s){int t,o,L,E,d,O=e,N=-M*M,K
=78-h<<x,p,*g,n,*m,A,q,r,C,J,a=y?-x:x;y^=8;G++;d=w||s&&s>=h&&v 0,0)>M;do{_ o=I[
p=O]){q=o&z^y _ q<7){A=q--&2?8:4;C=o-9&z?q["& .$  "]:42;do{r=I[p+=C[l]-64]_!w|p
==w){g=q|p+a-S?0:I+S _!r&(q|A<3||g)||(r+1&z^y)>9&&q|A>2){_ m=!(r-2&7))P G[1]=O,
K;J=n=o&z;E=I[p-a]&z;t=q|E-7?n:(n+=2,6^y);Z n<=t){L=r?l[r&7]*9-189-h-q:0 _ s)L
!(I[p+1]^n)+l[n&7]*9-386+!!g*99+(A<2))+!(E^y^9)_ s>h||1<s&s==h&&L>z|d){p[I]=n,O
-O|i-n|p-b|L<-M))P y^=8,u=J;J=q-1|A<7||m||!s|d|r|o<z||v 0,0)>M;O[I]=o;p[I]=r;m?
*m=*g,*g=0:g?*g=9^y:0;}_ L>N){*G=O _ s>1){_ h&&c-L<0)P L _!h)i=n,B=O,b=p;}N=L;}
!r&&++C*--A));}}}Z++O>98?O=20:e-O);P N+M*M&&N>-K+1924|d?N:0;}main(){Z++B<121)*G
++=B/x%x<2|B%x<2?7:B/x&4?0:*l++&31;Z B=19){Z B++<99)putchar(B%x?l[B[I]|16]:x)_
x-(B=F)){i=I[B+=(x-F)*x]&z;b=F;b+=(x-F)*x;Z x-(*G=F))i=*G^8^y;}else v u,5);v u,



External links[edit]