Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper
Pots of 'Butch T' peppers
The Trinidad scorpion 'Butch T' pepper is a chili pepper that was formerly the most piquant pepper. It has been since replaced by the 'Carolina Reaper'. The pepper is a Capsicum chinense cultivar, derived from the Trinidad moruga scorpion, which is indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago. It is named after Butch Taylor, the owner of Zydeco Farms in Woodville/Crosby, Mississippi, and a hot sauce company, who is responsible for propagating the pepper's seeds. The "scorpion" peppers are referred to as such because the pointed end of the pepper is said to resemble a scorpion's stinger.
The Trinidad scorpion 'Butch T' cultivar was, for 3 years, ranked as the most pungent ("hot") pepper in the world, according to Guinness World Records in 2011. A laboratory test conducted in March 2011 measured a specimen at 1,463,700 Scoville heat units, officially ranking it the hottest pepper in the world at that time. It wasn't until 2012 that Guinness World Records recognized the Carolina Reaper as the hottest pepper in the world, peaking at approximately 2,200,000 SHU.  The pungency of a species of chili pepper can vary by up to a factor of 10 depending on the conditions under which the specimen grew. The secret to the heat, according to the creators, is fertilizing the soil with the liquid runoff of a worm farm.
From Norfolk, England, there is a derivative pepper cross that is characterized by its high spice heat (as it is directly related) and bizarre color changes. Its given name is the "Butch Fairy" due to its parent plant cultivars and so the humorous opportunity. Also the fruits color sequence is peculiar in that after starting green they go black, then yellow orange, and finally red.
- Hottest Chili, Guiness World Records
- "ABC News" Retrieved February 19, 2013
- "New Record Broken Again!" Retrieved April 14, 2011
- "Hottest chili" at Guinness World Records retrieved May 26, 2012,
- "Guinness World Records" Retrieved February 19, 2013
- "Aussies grow world's hottest chilli" Retrieved April 14, 2011