Tripontium was a town in Roman Britain. It lay on the Roman road later called Watling Street (and known today as the A5) at a site now chiefly within the civil parish of Newton and Biggin in the English county of Warwickshire and partly in Leicestershire, some 3.4 miles north-east of Rugby and 3.1 miles south of Lutterworth.
Tripontium was initially a military frontier post, established soon after the Roman invasion of Britain around 50 AD. It later developed into a civilian town which was inhabited for around 400 years before being abandoned in the late 4th century when the Romans left Britain.
The name "Tripontium" means "the place of three bridges", in reference to nearby bridges over the River Avon and two of its tributaries.
The exact position of Tripontium remained a mystery for centuries, but it was located by the antiquarian Matthew Bloxam in 1836. Excavation works at the site were begun in 1961 by the Rugby Archaeological Society and have continued ever since.
It was initially thought that Tripontium was a small wayside settlement of little importance; however, excavations of the site have revealed that it was an important Romano-British town, with large public bath houses, an extensive administrative building and a mansio (hotel) building. Numerous pieces of pottery, Roman coins, and other remains have been found.
Unfortunately some of the area of the town has been destroyed by modern gravel extraction and part of the site is presently unavailable for excavation. Nevertheless, it seems highly likely that more buildings, such as the remains of a temple or a forum, remain to be found at the site. The excavation of Tripontium has been the largest of its type to be carried out by an amateur archaeological society.
Tripontium was probably the most important Roman settlement in the area. The town is located some 8 miles south of Venonae (High Cross): the point at which Watling Street crossed the Fosse Way. The large size of the bath houses and mansio building have led historians to conclude that Tripontium is likely to have been an important stopping-place for travellers, both military and civilian. It was probably also an administrative centre for the surrounding area.
The site is not presently open to the public but many of the finds from the excavations are on display at the Rugby Art Gallery and Museum.
Tripontium, by Jack Lucas FSA (1997) ISBN 0-9531265-0-1