Temporal range: Ypresian to Recent 49.5–0Ma
Siebold & Zucc., 1838
Trochodendron is a genus of flowering plants with one living species, Trochodendron aralioides, and six extinct species known from the fossil record. It was often considered the sole genus in the family Trochodendraceae, though botanists now also include the distinct genus Tetracentron in the family Trochodendraceae.
- Trochodendron aralioides
- †Trochodendron beckii
- †Trochodendron drachuckii
- †Trochodendron evenense
- †Trochodendron kamtschaticum
- †Trochodendron nastae
- †Trochodendron protoaralioides
Trochodendron aralioides is an evergreen tree or large shrub growing to 20 m tall. Trochodendron and Tetracentron lack vessel elements in their wood, a quite unusual feature in angiosperms. This has long been considered a very primitive character, resulting in the classification of these two genera in a basal position in the angiosperms; however, genetic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group has shown it to be in a less basal position (early in the eudicots), suggesting the absence of vessel elements in these two genera is a secondarily evolved character, not a primitive one.