True lemur

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True lemurs[1]
Eulemur mongoz (male - face).jpg
Mongoose lemur (Eulemur mongoz)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Lemuridae
Genus: Eulemur
Simons and Rumpler, 1988
Type species
Lemur mongoz
Linnaeus, 1766

Eulemur macaco
Eulemur fulvus
Eulemur sanfordi
Eulemur albifrons
Eulemur rufus
Eulemur rufifrons
Eulemur collaris
Eulemur cinereiceps
Eulemur mongoz
Eulemur coronatus
Eulemur rubriventer
Eulemur flavifrons

  • Petterus Groves and Eaglen, 1988

True lemurs, also known as brown lemurs, are the lemurs in genus Eulemur. They are medium sized primates that live exclusively on Madagascar.

The fur of the true lemurs is long and usually reddish-brown. Often there is sexual dimorphism in coloration (sexual dichromatism), such as in the black lemur. True lemurs are from 30 to 50 cm in length, with a tail that is as long or significantly longer than the body. They weigh from two to four kg.

True lemurs are predominantly diurnal forest inhabitants, with some species preferring rain forests, while others live in dry forests. They are skillful climbers and can cross large distances in trees by jumping, using their non-prehensile tails to aid in balancing. When on the ground, they move almost exclusively on all four legs. True lemurs are social animals and live together in groups of two to 15 members.

The diet of the true lemurs is almost exclusively herbivorous: flowers, fruits and leaves. In captivity, they have been shown to also eat insects.

Gestation is 125 days. During the summer or early fall (shortly before the beginning of the rainy season), the females birth their young, usually two offspring. The young clasp firmly to the fur of their mother, then ride on her back when they are older. After about five months they are weaned, and they are fully mature at about 18 months of age. The life expectancy of the true lemurs can be up to 18 years, but this can be longer in captivity.


Eulemur rufus


  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 114–116. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 

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