Tryphon of Pechenga

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For the early Christian martyr, see Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha.
Saint Tryphon of Pechenga
Tryphon of Pechenga.jpg
Enlightener of the Lapps
Born Russia
Died 1583
Pechenga, Lappland
Honored in
Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast 15 December
Patronage invoked by Russian mariners

Saint Tryphon of Pechenga ( Russian: Преподобный Трифон Печенгский, Кольский, Finnish: Pyhittäjä Trifon Petsamolainen (Kuolalainen), and Skolt Sami: Pââˊss Treeffan) was a Russian monk in the Eastern Orthodox Church and led an ascetic life on the Kola Peninsula and in Lappland in the 16th century. He is considered to be the founder of the Pechenga Monastery.

St. Tryphon, baptized as Mitrofan, was the son of a priest from the Novgorod region. At an early age he felt that he wanted to serve God and to spend his life as an anchorite. Regarding himself as being led by God, he set off north to preach the Gospel to the Sámi living along the Pechenga River.

Having requested and received permission from Archbishop Macarius of Novgorod to found a Church of the Annunciation up north, Mitrofan was tonsured a monk with the religious name Tryphon, and ordained a hieromonk (i.e., monastic priest). After his ordination and tonsure, Tryphon became leader of the Holy Trinity Monastery on the banks of the Pechenga River while fervently spreading the Gospel to the people living there.

St. Tryphon died in 1583, and is commemorated on 15 December in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and is referred to as the "Enlightener of the Lapps". Russian seamen traditionally pray to St. Tryphon when they are in danger.

St. Triphon's Brook in Pechenga got its name from the Saint (1894 painting by Konstantin Korovin).


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 7-15-2007 of the equivalent article on the Finnish Wikipedia.

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