Two turntables and a microphone
"Two turntables and a microphone" is the basic concept of a DJ's equipment. This phrase describes turntables (phonographs) and a microphone connected to a mixer. The DJ uses the mixer's crossfader to fade between two songs playing on the turntables. Fading often includes beatmatching. Live hip hop music also often has an MC rapping into the microphone. In nightclubs the microphone is usually used only for announcements.
Jimmy Savile claimed to be the first ever DJ. According to his autobiography, he was the first person to use two turntables and a microphone, at the Grand Records Ball at the Guardbridge Hotel in 1947. Savile is acknowledged as one of the pioneers of twin turntables for continuous play of music, though his claim has been disputed. Twin turntables were illustrated in the BBC Handbook in 1929, and were advertised for sale in Gramophone magazine in 1931.
- Miller, Harland (27 April 2004). "Harland Miller on Jimmy Savile: inventor of hip-hop style". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 28 July 2008.
- Brewster, Bill; Frank Browghton. "DJ Awards-History". djawards.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2008.
- Donovan, Paul (1991). The Radio Companion. London: HarperCollins. p. 198. ISBN 0-246-13648-0. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
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