USRC Commodore Barry (1812)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (US) Image:USRCS Ensign
Name: USRC Commodore Barry
Namesake: Commodore John Barry
Operator: US Revenue Marine
Career (New Brunswick) Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Name: Brunswicker
Namesake: Commodore John Barry
Operator: Province of New Brunswick
Acquired: c. November 1812
Fate: Sold 1815
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 98 (bm)
Armament: 6 guns, though pierced for 10.

USRC Commodore Barry was a vessel that the US Revenue Cutter Service bought in 1812, before the outbreak of the War of 1812. The British captured her in August of the same year. She served briefly in November as a privateer for Saint John, New Brunswick under the name Brunswicker before being laid up that same month. She was sold in 1815.

Commodore Barry[edit]

The US government bought this schooner on 20 March 1812 for US $4100 from Stephen Mitchell of Sag Harbor, New York. On 31 April Daniel Elliot of East Machias, Maine, received a commission as a revenue cutter master, and brought the vessel back to eastern Maine. The schooner was stationed at Eastport, on Passamaquoddy Bay under the control of the local customs collector, Lemuel Trescott, and engaged in anti-smuggling operations.[1]

Capture[edit]

Maidstone and Spartan captured Commodore Barry on 3 August in the Little River, Bay of Fundy, together with three privateer schooners, Madison, Olive, and Spence (or Spruce).[2] Each of the schooners was armed with two guns. Before the British captured the vessels their crews escaped. They had erected batteries on shore, using the guns from their vessels. They resisted, inflicting some casualties, but then evaded capture. Even so, some men were captured on Commodore Barry and remained prisoners of war until paroled in June 1813.[3] Prize money to the crew of the Spartan for the Commodore Barry was paid in July 1820.[Note 1]

Brunswicker[edit]

In November, the provincial authorities in Saint John, New Brunswick bought the Commodore Barry for protection against American privateers. By this point the vessel was re-rigged as a sloop, but it is unclear when this happened. On 19 November she sailed on a cruise with the 4-gun schooner HMS Bream. Together, they chased four American privateers from Passamaquoddy Bay. For this cruise her crew consisted of 20 volunteers from Saint John. The province laid the sloop up on 24 November, but sailed her again in the spring of 1813.[5] Apparently the vessel had been very expensive to operate and with the Royal Navy asserting its dominance in the region by 1813, her services were no longer required.

Fate[edit]

The authorities in Saint John auctioned off Brunswicker on 4 July 1815, for £730. She had been in custody for 770 days.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A first-class share, that of a captain, was worth £59 11s 11¼d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth 11s 6¼d.[4]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b US Coast Guard History Program
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16647. p. 1908. 19 September 1812.
  3. ^ Wells (1998)
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17615. p. 1382. 15 July 1820.
  5. ^ Snider (1928), p.228.
Bibliography
  • Smith, Joshua M. (2011) Battle for the Bay: The Naval War of 1812 (Fredericton, NB: Goose Lane Editions). ISBN 978-0-86492-644-9
  • Snider, G.H.J. (1928) Under the Red Jack: Privateers of the Maritime Provinces of Canada in the War of 1812. (London:Martin Hopkinson & Co.).
  • U.S. Coast Guard History Program: War of 1812 Revenue Cutters & Masters. [1]
  • Wells, William R., II (1998) "US Revenue Cutters Captured in the War of 1812". The American Neptune Vol. 58, No. 3 (Summer), pp. 225–41. [2]