USS Benewah (APB-35)

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Career (USA)
Namesake: Benewah County, Idaho
Builder: Boston Navy Yard
Laid down: 2 January 1945
Launched: 6 May 1945
Commissioned: 19 March 1946
Decommissioned: 26 February 1971
Struck: 1 September 1973
Honours and
awards:
11 battle stars
Fate: Transferred to Republic of the Philippines Now an artificial reef off the Philippine Islands
General characteristics
Class & type: Benewah
Displacement: 4,080 tons
Length: 328 ft 0 in (99.97 m)
Beam: 50 ft 0 in (15.24 m)
Draft: 11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)
Speed: 10 knots
Complement: 141; 1,226 troops
Armament: 2 x 40mm quad gun mounts; 2 x 3"50 Gun Mounts; 2 x 50 Cal Machine Guns; 4 x 30 Cal. Machine Guns

Benewah was a barracks ship of the US Navy, notable for her service in the Vietnam War and as the name ship of her class.

Launch[edit]

Benewah (APB-35) was laid down on 2 January 1945 by the Boston Navy Yard and launched on 6 May 1945, sponsored by Miss Priscilla Underwood. She was commissioned on 19 March 1946 with Lieutenant Commander John M. Kilcullen, Jr., USNR, in command.

Atlantic Service[edit]

Following outfitting, Benewah remained at Boston serving with the Atlantic Reserve Fleet as a barracks ship for the crews of aircraft carriers going out of commission. That assignment lasted just four months. On 29 July, she herself began deactivation procedures. Benewah was decommissioned on 30 August 1946. The barracks ship remained in reserve at Boston until February 1947 when she was moved to Green Cove Springs, Florida There, she was placed in service, in reserve, to serve as headquarters ship for Subgroup 3 of the Florida Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet. On 10 October 1951, work began on Benewah in preparation for her return to active service; and she was recommissioned on 9 November 1951 with Lieutenant Commander Clifford E. Baxter in command.

Just after commissioning, the barracks ship entered the Gibbs Shipyard at Jacksonville, Florida for outfitting. From mid-January to mid-February 1952, she conducted shakedown and refresher training out of Norfolk, Virginia. After she concluded training in mid-February, Benewah moved north to her new home port, Newport, Rhode Island. The ship departed Newport on 9 March for her first overseas deployment. For the next nine months, she provided logistics support for mobile construction battalions operations in the European area. The ship returned to Newport on 19 December and took up operations along the eastern seaboard. In July 1953, Benewah entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard to be fitted out as a temporary flagship. On 22 August, she departed Norfolk for Naples, Italy, where she served as flagship for the Commander, Fleet Air, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Late in the summer of 1955, she concluded that assignment and headed back to the United States.

The ship arrived in Norfolk on 11 September but, later in the month, moved north to New York. On 30 September, Benewah began her second deactivation overhaul at Staten Island, New York, in the yard of the Brewer Dry Dock Company. The barracks ship was decommissioned sometime in December 1955 and was berthed with the Green Cove Springs Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet. The ship remained inactive until August 1959 when she was placed in service, in reserve. By February 1960, she was at Newport News, Virginia, serving as living quarters for the precommissioning crews of new ships being built by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company.

Vietnam[edit]

In July 1966, Benewah entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for conversion and modernization preparatory to her return to active service. She was recommissioned on 28 January 1967.

Following a week of training at the Naval Amphibious Base, Little Creek, Virginia, the ship put to sea for the Far East. After stops at Rodman in the Canal Zone and at Pearl Harbor, Benewah reached Vietnam on 22 April. Upon arrival, she became flagship for the Commander, Task Force (TF) 117, the Mobile Riverine Force operating in the Mekong Delta. Except for an occasional trip to Japan for repairs, Benewah spent the next 44 months at various locations in the Mekong Delta. In 1968-69, "Benewah" spent most of its time in the Mekong River near the Ninth Infantry division base at Đồng Tâm or an alternate anchorage near Ben Tre. In addition to serving as headquarters, she provided barracks space, medical facilities, stores issue, and a myriad of other services to the sailors and soldiers operating with the Mobile Riverine Force and with the similar formations that succeeded that organization when it was disestablished late in August 1969. The barracks ship frequently suffered enemy fire, and her guns went into action on numerous occasions. In May and early June 1970, Benewah participated in the incursion into Cambodian territory to support forces interdicting the Viet Cong supply lines running through that country.

Philippines[edit]

On 26 November 1970, the ship departed Vietnam and headed for the Philippines. After a visit to Singapore between 28 November and 5 December, she arrived at Subic Bay on 11 December. There, Benewah underwent an inspection by a board of inspection and survey. That board determined that she was unfit for further active naval service. She was decommissioned there on 26 February 1971 and was turned over to the Naval Station, Subic Bay, to serve as station ship. Though decommissioned, Benewah remained on the active list in an in-service status. She was also redesignated a miscellaneous auxiliary, IX-311, two days after her decommissioning on 28 February 1971. She served at Subic Bay until 1 September 1973 on which day her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register. In May 1974, she was transferred to the Republic of the Philippines.

Benewah earned 11 battle stars during the Vietnam War.

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