USS K-3 (SS-34)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Orca.
USS K-3 during her initial fitting out, 7 April 1914
K-3 during her initial fitting out, 7 April 1914
Career
Name: USS K-3
Builder: Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California
Laid down: as Orca
Launched: 14 March 1914
Commissioned: 30 October 1914
Decommissioned: 20 February 1923
Reclassified: SS-34, 17 July 1920
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 3 June 1931
General characteristics
Type: K class submarine
Displacement: 392 long tons (398 t) surfaced
521 long tons (529 t) submerged
Length: 153 ft 7 in (46.81 m)
Beam: 16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)
Draft: 13 ft 1 in (3.99 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
Complement: 28 officers and men
Armament: 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes

USS K-3 (SS-34) was an K-class submarine, of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down by Union Iron Works in San Francisco, California, as Orca, making her the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the orca, another name for the grampus or killer whale, but on 17 November 1911, during construction, she was renamed K-3. She was launched on 14 March 1914 sponsored by Mrs. Clarence Meigs Oddie, and commissioned on 30 October 1914 with Lieutenant F. T. Chew in command.

Service history[edit]

K-3 joined 3rd Submarine Division, Pacific Torpedo Flotilla 11, December 1914 and operated along the California coast developing underwater warfare tactics and coordinating the use of underseas craft with the fleet. She arrived in Hawaiian waters 14 October 1915 to perform similar exercises in the light of increasing emphasis on submarine warfare.

The United States's entry into World War I placed a greater urgency on the need for experienced submariners, and K-3 was dispatched to Key West, Florida, arriving 8 January 1918. For the remainder of the war, she conducted patrols along the Florida coast while training men in underwater techniques. K-3 continued operations along the East Coast after the war, testing new devices such as listening gear, storage batteries and torpedoes. On 7 November 1922, the submarine arrived Hampton Roads and decommissioned there 20 February 1923. She was scrapped 3 June 1931.

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