USS Mahaska (1861)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Mahaska.
Ussmahaskaharpers.jpg
USS Mahaska shelling the Rebels at Harrison's Landing, 1 July 1862
Career
Name: USS Mahaska
Namesake: Chief Mahaska
Builder: Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine
Cost: $130,001.68
Launched: 10 December 1861
Commissioned: 5 May 1862
Decommissioned: 12 September 1868
Fate: Sold, 20 November 1868
General characteristics
Type: Sidewheel steamer
Displacement: 1,070 long tons (1,087 t)
Length: 228 ft 2 in (69.55 m)
Beam: 33 ft 10 in (10.31 m)
Draft: 10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)
Armament: • 1 × 100-pounder Parrott rifle
• 1 × 9 in (230 mm) gun
• 4 × 24-pounder guns

The first USS Mahaska was a wooden, double-ender, sidewheel steamer of the third rate in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. She was named for Ioway Chief Mahaska.

Mahaska was built at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, for $130,001.68; launched 10 December 1861 and commissioned 5 May 1862, Lt. Norman H. Farquhar in command.

Mahaska sailed from Portsmouth 15 May 1862, reporting shortly thereafter for duty in the rivers flowing into Chesapeake Bay. On 20 June she engaged the Confederate batteries along the Appomattox River and on 1 November destroyed entrenchments at West Point, Virginia. Continuing her patrols into the next year, she captured the schooner General Taylor in Chesapeake Bay 20 February 1863. Moving south later in the year, she joined in the blockade of Charleston and participated in the attacks on the forts and batteries in that harbor: Fort Wagner, 8 and 18 August; Morris Island, 13 to 17, and 20 August; and Fort Sumter, 21 August 1863. The following year she took part in the joint expedition against Jacksonville, Florida, 5 February to 4 April, remaining on picket and patrol duty in the St. Johns River until 16 August when she returned to Charleston, South Carolina. She then steamed north to Boston, Massachusetts for overhaul.

Overhaul completed 16 January 1865, Mahaska returned to Florida waters, capturing the schooner Delia, near Bayport, 17 February. After the end of the Civil War, the steamer continued to cruise in southern waters until decommissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana on 12 September 1868. She was sold 20 November 1868 to John Dole of Boston.

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