United Kingdom general election, 1892

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United Kingdom general election, 1892
United Kingdom
1886 ←
members
4–26 July 1892 → 1895
members

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Gladstone.jpg Justin McCarthy (1830-1912).jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury William Ewart Gladstone Justin McCarthy
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 April 1880 6 December 1891
Leader's seat Marquess of Salisbury Midlothian North Longford
Last election 393 seats, 51.1% 192 seats, 41.8% 85 seats, 3.4%
Seats won 313 272 81
Seat change Decrease 80 Increase 80 Decrease 4
Popular vote 2,159,150 2,088,019 309,329
Percentage 47.0% 45.4% 7.0%
Swing Decrease 4.1% Increase 3.6% Increase 3.7%

PM before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent PM

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

1885 election MPs
1886 election MPs
1892 election MPs
1895 election MPs
1900 election MPs

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury, win the greatest number of seats, but not enough for an overall majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won many more seats than in the 1886 general election. The Liberal Unionists who had previously supported the Conservative government saw their vote and seat numbers go down. Despite being split between Parnellite and anti-Parnellite factions, the Irish Nationalist vote held up well. As the Liberals did not have a majority on their own, Salisbury refused to resign on hearing the election results and waited to be defeated in a vote of no confidence on 11 August. Gladstone formed a minority government dependent on Irish Nationalist support.

Results[edit]

UK General Election 1892
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 606 313
(268 + 45)
- 80 46.71 47.0 2,159,150 -4.1
  Liberal 535 272 + 80 40.59 45.4 2,088,019 +3.6
  Irish Parliamentary 129 81 0 3 - 4 12.08 7.0 309,329 +3.7
  Independent Labour 9 3 3 0 + 3 0.44 0.5 22,198 N/A
  Independent Conservative 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 7,211 N/A
  Independent Liberal 6 1 1 0 + 1 0.1 3,572 N/A
  Scottish Trades Councils Labour 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,313 N/A
  Independent Nationalist 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,180 N/A
  Scottish Parliamentary Labour 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,043 N/A
  Social Democratic Federation 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 659 N/A
  Independent 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 139 N/A

The totals above exclude two Irish candidates whose party affiliation was unclear to F. W. S. Craig at the time he compiled his voting figures: Col. J. C. Lowry who gained 897 votes standing for University of Dublin as either an Independent or Official Conservative, and John O'Connor Power who gained 609 votes standing in Mayo West as a Gladstonian Liberal. Craig labelled both candidates: "Others".

Total votes cast: 4,598,319. All parties shown.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
46.96%
Liberal
  
45.41%
Irish Parliamentary
  
6.73%
Independent
  
0.77%
Others
  
0.14%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
46.72%
Liberal
  
40.6%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.1%
Independent Liberal
  
0.15%
Independent Labour
  
0.45%

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see: