United States elections, 2009
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2008)|
|Election day||November 3|
|Congressional special elections|
|Net change||Democratic +1|
|Net change||Republican +2|
|2009 Gubernatorial election results map|
not up for election
The 2009 United States general elections were held on Tuesday, November 3. During this off-year election, the only seats up for election in the United States Congress were special elections held throughout the year. In total, only the seat representing New York's 23rd congressional district changed party hands, increasing the Democratic Party's majority over the Republicans in the United States House of Representatives, 258–177.
However, there were also several gubernatorial races and state legislative elections, and numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races in several major cities, and several types of local offices on the ballot.
United States Congress 
In total, there were five special elections to the United States House of Representatives during 2009. The only election which changed party hands (from Republican to Democratic) was in New York's 23rd congressional district.
Also, a primary election was held in Massachusetts on December 8, 2009, for the senate seat left open by the death of U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy; the general special election for that later seat occurred on January 19, 2010.
New Jersey and Virginia, along with the U.S. territory of the Northern Mariana Islands, held gubernatorial elections in 2009. Both governorships in New Jersey and Virginia changed party hands from Democrat to Republican. Meanwhile, the local Covenant Party maintained control of the governorship of the Marianas.
State legislatures 
Cities, counties, school boards, special districts and others elect members in 2009. Several large cities held mayoral elections in 2009, including: New York City, Boston, Los Angeles, Houston, Minneapolis, Seattle, San Antonio, and Detroit. Memphis, Tennessee also had a special election to replace former mayor Willie Herenton.
Some of these mayoral elections included the following:
- Albuquerque, NM - Richard J Berry (R) defeated incumbent Mayor Martin Chavez (D).
- Albany, NY - Incumbent Mayor Gerald Jennings (D) defeated Working Families Party candidate Corey Ellis and Nathan LeBron (R).
- Allentown, PA - Incumbent Mayor Ed Pawlowski (D) defeated Tony Philips (R).
- Anchorage, AK - Dan Sullivan (R) was elected mayor.
- Atlanta, GA - Mayor Shirley Franklin was term-limited. Kasim Reed (D) defeated Mary Norwood (D) in a runoff election.
- Atlantic City, NJ - Incumbent Mayor Lorenzo Langford (D) defeated Jesse Kurtz (R).
- Austin, TX - Incumbent Mayor Will Wynn was term-limited.
- Boston, MA - Incumbent Mayor Thomas Menino (D) defeated Michael F. Flaherty (D).
- Buffalo, NY - Incumbent Mayor Byron Brown (D) defeated Michael Kearns (D).
- Charlotte, NC - Anthony Foxx (D) defeated John Lassiter (R)
- Cincinnati, OH - Incumbent Mayor Mark Mallory (D) defeated Brad Wenstrup (R).
- Cleveland, OH Incumbent Frank Jackson (D) defeated Bill Patmon
- Detroit, MI - Incumbent Mayor Dave Bing (D) defeated Tom Barrow (D)
- Flint, MI - Dayne Walling was elected.
- Harrisburg, PA - Linda Thompson (D) defeated incumbent seven-term Democrat Stephen R. Reed in the primary election. Linda Thompson (D) defeated Nevin Mindlin (R) in the general election.
- Houston, TX - Mayor Bill White was term limited. In a runoff election, Annise Parker defeated Gene Locke.
- Jersey City, NJ- Incumbent Mayor Jerramiah Healy (D) defeated Louis Manzo (D), L. Harvey Smith (D) and other minor candidates.
- Lancaster, PA - Incumbent Mayor Rick Gray (D) defeated Charlie Smithgall (R).
- Los Angeles, CA - Incumbent Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) defeated Walter Moore (R).
- Manchester, NH - Ted Gatsas (R) elected mayor succeeding mayor Frank Guinta (R).
- Miami, FL - Tomas Regalado (R) elected mayor after defeating Joe Sanchez (D).
- Minneapolis, MN - Incumbent Mayor R.T. Rybak (DFL) was re-elected.
- New York, NY - Incumbent Mayor Michael Bloomberg (I) was re-elected.
- Omaha, NE - City councilman Jim Suttle was elected Mayor after incumbent Mike Fahey declined to run for re-election.
- Pittsburgh, PA - Incumbent Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) was re-elected.
- Riverside, CA - Incumbent Ron Loveridge (D) re-elected
- Rochester, NY - Incumbent Mayor Robert Duffy (D) was unopposed.
- San Antonio, TX - Incumbent Mayor Phil Hardberger was term-limited. He was succeeded by Democrat Julian Castro.
- Seattle, WA - Incumbent Mayor Greg Nickels (D) defeated in the primary in August 2009. Mike McGinn (D) defeated Joe Mallahan (D).
- St. Paul, MN - Incumbent Mayor Chris Coleman (DFL) was re-elected.
- St. Petersburg, FL - Rick Baker was term-limited. Bill Foster defeated opponent Kathleen Ford.
- Syracuse, NY - Incumbent Matt Driscoll (D) was term limited. Stephanie Miner (D) defeated Steve Kimatian (R) and Conservative Otis Jennings.
- Tulsa, OK - Mayor Kathy Taylor did not seek re-election. Dewey F. Bartlett, Jr. (R) defeated Tom Adelson (D).