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In the video game console business, most console games have to be signed with a secret key designed by the console maker or the game will not load on the console. There are several methods to get unsigned code to execute which include software exploits, the use of a modchip, a technique known as the swap trick or running a softmod.
It may not initially seem obvious why simply copying a signed application onto another DVD does not allow it to boot. On the Xbox, the reason for this is that the Xbox executable file (XBE) contains a media-type flag, which specifies the type of media that the XBE is bootable from. On nearly all Xbox software, this is set such that the executable will only boot from factory produced discs so simply copying the executable to burnable media is enough to stop the execution of the software.
However, since the executable is signed, simply changing the value of the flag is not possible as this alters the signature of the executable causing it to fail validation when checked.
For applications and applets that are designed to allow unsigned components, the Trusted-Library attribute should be used. No warning dialog will be displayed and an application or applet may load jar files containing untrusted classes or resources. This attribute prevents signed components in an application or applet from being re-purposed with unsigned components. You can specify Trusted-Library: true in the manifest file. For example:
Manifest-Version: 1.0 Trusted-Library: true Created-By: 1.6.0-internal (Sun Microsystems Inc.)
All classes and resources in a jar file containing this manifest attribute must be signed and trusted.
- Digital signature
- iOS jailbreaking
- PlayStation Portable homebrew
- Privilege escalation
- Rooting (Android OS)
- Symbian OS#Bypassing platform security
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