Changes in carbon dioxide concentrations, both during the recent glacial/interglacial cycles and during the last 1000 years. Since the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide levels have dramatically risen to levels not seen during the last 400 thousand years. This change is implicated as a likely cause of global warming.
Shows the changes in apparent marine fossilbiodiversity during the last 540 million years. The major visible mass extinction events are indicated. Some scientists view the major rise towards the present as the result of better sampling and preservation of recent geologic sections rather than actually being a dramatic increase in biodiversity.
The extinction intensity, i.e. the fraction of genera going extinct in each bin as a function of time. The major events are labeled in accordance with geologic conventions.
Shows the distribution of temperature increases associated with global warming. The anomalies are average temperatures from 1995 to 2004 and are computed is respect to averages over the 1940 to 1980 interval.
Shows the predicted warming over the 21st century due to business as usual greenhouse gas emissions as reported by the HadCM3 climate model.
Map of changes in mountain glacier thickness since 1970. Sites with thinning shown in orange and red. Sites of thickening shown in blue. Larger circles indicate larger changes.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2000 broken down in to 8 different sectors of activity.
Schematic representation of the energy exchanges between the Earth's surface, the Earth's atmosphere, and outer space. The ability of the atmosphere to trap and recycle thermal emissions from the Earth's surface is a defining characteristic of the greenhouse effect.