The Harbin Y-12 is a utility aircraft.
A utility aircraft is a general-purpose light aircraft or helicopter, usually used for transporting people or freight, but also for other duties when a more specialised aircraft is not required or available.
The term can also refer to an aircraft certified under American, Canadian, European or Australian regulations as a Utility Category Aircraft, which indicates that it is permitted to conduct limited aerobatics. The approved maneuvers include chandelles, lazy eights, spins and steep turns over 60° of bank.
In the United States, military utility aircraft are given the prefix U in their designations.
- Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 535. Aviation Supplies & Academics, 1997. ISBN 1-56027-287-2
- Federal Aviation Administration (July 2011). "Title 14: Aeronautics and Space PART 23 — Airworthiness Standards: Normal, Utility, Acrobatic, and Commuter Category Airplanes, Subpart A — General". Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Transport Canada (July 2011). "Part V - Airworthiness Manual Chapter 523 - Normal, Utility, Aerobatic And Commuter Category Aeroplanes". Retrieved 15 July 2011.
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