Vanderlin Island is an island in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Northern Territory, Australia. It is the largest island in the Sir Edward Pellew Group. Its area is 264 km².
The only settlements on the island are four family outstations along the west coast. They are, from north to south:
Exact population figures are not known, but family outstations are typically four to six people, which results in a population of approximately 20 for the whole island.
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Coordinates: 15°44′S 137°02′E / 15.733°S 137.033°E