The vervain hummingbird (Mellisuga minima) is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica, and is a vagrant to Puerto Rico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.
It used to be considered the second smallest bird in the world after the bee hummingbird. Typical length is 6 cm (2.4 in), including the bill, and weight is 2–2.4 g (0.071–0.085 oz). It also has the among the smallest egg in the bird world, with an average length of 1 cm (0.39 in) and weight of 0.375 grams.
- Raffaele, Herbert; James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele (2003) Birds of the West Indies, Christopher Helm, London.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Mellisuga minima". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Steven Latta; Christopher Rimmer; Allan Keith; James Wiley, Herbert Raffaele, Kent McFarland, Eladio Fernandez (15 May 2010). Birds of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Princeton University Press. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-0-691-11891-8. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
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