Vienna Award

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The Vienna Award (also Vienna Arbitration or Vienna Diktat) is either of two arbitral decisions of Germany and Italy rewarding disputed territory to Hungary. Both decisions were made at the Belvedere Palace in Vienna, just before and after the start of World War II (1939–45).

  • First Vienna Award (2 November 1938), where Hungary received a part of southern Czechoslovakia with a population exchange
  • Second Vienna Award (30 August 1940), where Hungary received northern Transylvania from Romania without a population exchange