Viktor Ivanovich Sarianidi or Victor Sarigiannides (Russian: Виктор Иванович Сарианиди; Greek: Βίκτωρ Σαρηγιαννίδης; born September 23, 1929 in Tashkent) is a well-known Soviet archaeologist of Pontic Greek descent. He discovered the remains of a Bronze Age culture in the Karakum Desert in 1976. The culture came to be known as the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex.
In 1978 he discovered six undisturbed tombs at Tillya Tepe, dating to the 1st century BC. The deceased were richly equipped with gold, the so-called Bactrian Gold.
In 1996, he moved to Greece where he lives. Currently in 2010, he lives in the city of Moscow (Russia).