Villa Haas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aerial view of Villa Haas

Villa Haas is a historical villa in the small city of Sinn, Hesse located at the western edge of the Hörre in Germany (Lahn-Dill-Kreis).[1] The villa, the park and the surrounding streets "Hansastrasse / Rudolfstrasse" are cultural monuments due to their historical and artistical significance.[2]

History[edit]

The manor house, the outbuildings and the garden are designed by the Herborner architect Ludwig Hofmann (1862–1933), who was in 1892 appointed by Privy Councillor of Commerce Rudolf Haas, owner of the opposite located "Neuhoffnungshütte".[3] He was cofounder of the association of German “Eisenhüttenleute”, called today steel institute VDEh, and member of the renominated Nassau association of natural history. The “Neuhoffnungshütte” with its iron mines had from its Nassautic beginnings until the Second World War a high strategic importance: it was the economic basis for the metallic prosparity of this area. In 1978 Dr. Klaus F. Müller acquired the villa and park as a co-founder of the German and Europe oral implantology; he used parts of the estate for practical laboratory and advanced training.[4]

Villa Haas von Suedwest.jpg

Architecture[edit]

To the style elements of the two-storey high-volume estate belong rich carved stone formations above the basement level, and window and gable motifs framed with sandstone, that are geared to the German Renaissance Revival architecture. The roof and gable formations with the bell tower look very pituresque. This total impression is strengthened by the superior stairtower with roof helmet, the mining symbol, and the stained glass with motives of Rhine romanticism as well as the detailed facades. The artistic interior décor consists of beautiful stucco and wood work of different historicist styles. Also worth protecting components are the small Chinese pavilion (tea house) and the wrought iron main gate.[5]

Technical unusual features[edit]

These are for example a dumbwaiter (elevator), electrical night storage heaters and a lobster tank with, at this time, new air supply. The old mechanical tower clock was developed and constructed by Perrot (Calw). Later the clock gets a rare electro mechanical addition. It combines chime works and winch with two electric motors. The mechanical circuit is steered by a mercury switch. The power transmission is made by a vee belt and is still working today.

Garden[edit]

The Grade II listed garden area contains beside rare plants, shrubs and trees, many stylistic elements of the historical park like the ruin with the ice-house, the cave, the arcades, the pond, the rondell, the fountains, the cherubs, etc. The Chinese pavilion teahouse and the former pavilion which was located at the Dill (river) cliffs is going back to an idea of the German former colonial officer Retzlaff in Tsingtao. The allusions of a horse path closed in the English style landscape garden are only rudiementary available. The park is one of the few preserved recreations of historicism (art) and contains over one hundred different plant species. It is part of the territory Beilstein / Hörre, which was described by Johann Daniel Leers in his book "Flora Herbornensis" [6] in the biodiversity with exact locations in 1775.These listings are according to Karl Löber "of unsurpassed precision and enable still today an effortless verification." (Quote translated from German).[7][8]

Literature[edit]

  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen (Hrsg.): Lahn-Dill-Kreis I. ( Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Kulturdenkmäler in Hessen.) Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig / Wiesbaden 1986, ISBN 3-528-06234-7.
  • Friedhelm Gerecke: Historismus, Jugendstil, Heimatstil in Hessen und im Rheinland. Die Bauten des Architekten und Denkmalpflegers Ludwig Hofmann (1862–1933) aus Herborn. Verlag Michael Imhof, Petersberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-86568458-5.
  • Otto Renkhoff: Nassauische Biographie, Seite 262, ISBN 3-922244-90-4.
  • Rolf Georg, Rainer Haus, Karsten Porezag: Eisenerzbergbau in Hessen, Seite 329 und 415, ISBN 3-925619-00-3.
  • Gerd Andriessen:, 100 Jahre W. Ernst Haas und Sohn, Sonderdruck Dillzeitung 26-05-1954.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klaus F. Müller: Park und Villa Haas - Historismus, Kunst und Lebensstil. Verlag Edition Winterwork, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86468-160-8.
  2. ^ Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen (Hrsg.): Lahn-Dill-Kreis I. S. 352.
  3. ^ Ingrid Bauert-Keetman, Helmut Prawitz: Geschichte des Eisenwerkes Neuhoffnungshütte und der Firma W. Ernst Haas & Sohn, Sinn, Dillkreis. Sinn 1963.
  4. ^ Fritz Cunz: Herborner Tageblatt, 04-11-1978: Aus der alten Villa Haas wurde eine Zahnarztpraxis.
  5. ^ W. Bauer: Von Türbeschlägen, Fensterkörben, Wetterfahnen und anderem Eisenzeug. In: Heimatjahrbuch für den Dillkreis, Band 14 (1971). Weidenbach, Dillenburg 1970, S. 53–96
  6. ^ Johann Daniel Leers: Flora Herbornensis. Exibens plantas circa herbornam nassoviorum crescentes. 1775. (lateinisch)
  7. ^ Karl Löber: Johann Daniel Leers und seine Flora Herbornensis. In: Heimatjahrbuch für den Dillkreis 1962, S. 37.
  8. ^ Karl Löber: Wanderungen durch die Heimatnatur, Frühsommerleben im Sinner „Beilstein“., S. 48–52.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°39′29″N 8°19′39″E / 50.6581°N 8.3274°E / 50.6581; 8.3274