Eikoh Hosoe, Kikuji Kawada, Ikkō Narahara, Akira Satō, Akira Tanno, and Shōmei Tōmatsu — six of the participants of the celebrated 1957 exhibition Jūnin no me (10人の眼, Eyes of ten) — formed the Vivo cooperative in July 1957, naming it after the Esperanto word for "life." They shared an office and darkroom in Higashi Ginza (Tokyo), marketing and distributing their own work. Kōtarō Iizawa terms their office "the epicenter of the 'image generation's' photographic expression," and the members' activities "a prime example" of the way Japanese photographers of the time "confronted head-on the transformation of modern Japanese society."
The group disbanded in June 1961.
- Within Japanese, this is normally written not in kana but in roman letters, in full capitals: "VIVO".
- Kōtarō Iizawa, "The evolution of postwar photography" (chapter of Tucker et al., The History of Japanese Photography), pp. 217, 210.
- Shadai Gallery exhibition, June–July 2007.