Vladimír Skalička

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Vladimír Skalička
Born (1909-08-19)August 19, 1909
Prague, Austria-Hungary
Died January 17, 1991(1991-01-17) (aged 81)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Fields Linguistics
Institutions Charles University in Prague
Alma mater Charles University in Prague
Known for Morphological typology
Spouse Alena Skaličková

Vladimír Skalička (19 August 1909, Prague - 17 January 1991, Prague) was a Czech professor, linguist, translator, and polyglot. A member of the influential Prague School of linguists and literary critics and a corresponding member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, he is credited with further developing morphological typology.[1][2][3]

Life and work[edit]

Skalička was born on 19 August 1909 in Prague, then part of Austria-Hungary. His grandfather was Czech painter Josef Mánes.[2] He became associated with the Prague School while studying at Charles University in Prague, at which he habilitated in 1935, writing on Finno-Ugric linguistics.[3][4] He remained at the university, and in 1946 was appointed professor there, founding the department of linguistics and phonetics.[3] He continued to write until late into his life in a number of languages, collaborating with a number of other linguists including his wife, Alena Skaličková.[5]

His work included translation and comparative studies of languages, and was reported to have a basic understanding of approximately 1200 languages and dialects.[2]

He developed morphological typology into five categories, classifying languages into isolating, agglutinating, inflectional, introflectional, and polysynthetic.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Skalička, Vladimír". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1979. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "SKALIČKA Vladimir". Who's who in our history of the 20th century (Czech: KDO BYL KDO v našich dějinách ve 20. století). Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c VEČERKA, Radoslav. "SKALIČKA, Vladimir (1909-1991)". Bibliographic medallions of Czech linguists: scholars and Slavicists [online] (Czech: Bibliografické medailonky českých lingvistů: bohemistů a slavistů). Department of Linguistics and Baltic Languages, Masaryk University. p. 86. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Kuldanová, Pavlina; Svobodová, Jana (2003). "Pražský lingvistický kroužek" [Prague Linguistic Circle] (in Czech). Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Vladimír Skalička [1909-1991]: Bibliografie" [Vladimír Skalička [1909-1991]: Bibliography] (in Czech). Retrieved 1 October 2013. 

External links[edit]