Volucella bombylans

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Volucella bombylans
Volucella bombylans.jpg
Volucella bombylans var. plumata female
2012-06-04 14-34-01-volucelle.jpg
Volucella bombylans var. bombylans male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Volucella
Species: V. bombylans
Binomial name
Volucella bombylans
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Musca bombylans Linnaeus, 1758
  • Musca plumata De Geer, 1776
  • Volucella basalis Say, 1835
  • Volucella evecta Walker, 1852
  • Volucella facialis Williston, 1882
  • Volucella rufomaculata Jones, 1917

Volucella bombylans is a large species of hoverfly belonging to the family Syrphidae.

Description[edit]

Volucella bombylans is larger than most hoverflies, reaching a body length of 11 to 17 mm. They look something like a bumblebee with a furry black, yellow and/or white body, but they are given away by their heads, plumed antennae, large eyes and the particular wing venation, which make them quite easy to identify as a true fly, like a blowfly.

The mesonotum bears black or yellow hairs on the sides, while the scutellum is brownish or yellowish. The wings are milky white with a dark cross-bands in the anterior half and a diffuse dark spot at the wing tip. The abdomen is yellow at the base and black in the middle, with long, dense hairs at the end. The legs are rather short and black.

Volucella bombylans var. bombylans, male

This species occurs in several forms, each of which mimics a species of bumblebee (Batesian mimicry). The two main varieties are Volucella bombylans var. bombylans, showing an orange-red tail, mimicking the Red-tailed Bumblebee (Bombus lapidarius) and Volucella bombylans var. plumata with a white tail, mimicking the White-tailed Bumble Bee (Bombus lucorum) and the Buff-tailed Bumblebee (Bombus terrestris).

V. bombylans has two generations and can be encountered from May until September, with a peak in June. The adults feed on nectar and pollen (mainly on Valeriana officinalis, Geranium sylvaticum, Centaurea jacea, Cirsium palustre, Epilobium angustifolium, etc.), with preference for blue flowers.

The females of these hoverflies lay their eggs in the nests of social wasps or bumblebees, where the larvae live as scavengers, feeding on debris and occasionally on host's larvae.

Distribution[edit]

This species is present in most of Europe, in the East Palearctic ecozone, in the Near East and in the Nearctic ecozone.

Habitat[edit]

These hoverflies can be found in forest edges and clearings, woodland margins, hedgerows, meadows and urban wasteland or gardens, usually sunning on a leaves. They are fast fliers.

References[edit]