West Indies Cricket Board
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2009)|
|West Indies Cricket Board
|Affiliation||International Cricket Council|
|Affiliation date||31 May 1926|
|Headquarters||St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda|
|Chairman||Whycliffe (Dave) Cameron|
|Chief Exec||Michael Muirhead|
|Replaced||West Indies Cricket Board of Control|
The West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket in the West Indies (a sporting confederation of over a dozen mainly English-speaking Caribbean countries and dependencies that formed the British West Indies). It was originally formed in the early 1920s as the West Indies Cricket Board of Control (and is still sometimes referred by that name), but changed its name in 1996. The Board has its headquarters in St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda.
The WICB has been a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1926. It operates the West Indies cricket team and West Indies A cricket team, organising Test tours and one-day internationals with other teams. It also organises domestic cricket in West Indies, including the Regional Four Day Competition and the WICB Cup domestic one-day (List A) competition. The WICB has also collaborated with Sir Allen Stanford in the organisation of the domestic Stanford 20/20 competition for the Twenty20 format of cricket.
The WICB's membership includes the 6 territorial cricket associations of the various countries and territories which contest the West Indies first-class and limited-overs competition in the Caribbean. Each provides two (2) Directors, in addition to a number of non-member Directors. Two (2) of these associations are themselves multi-national boards representing a number of countries and dependencies.
The President of WICB is Whycliffe "Dave" Cameron (since 27 March 2013, formerly Vice-President to and replacing Dr. Julian Hunte) and Michael Muirhead is the chief executive officer.
Since 2005, as per an ICC mandate, the West Indies Women's Cricket Federation (WIWCF) has been integrated with the WICB. The President of the WIWCF is Ms. Carol Whilby-Maxwell and the Secretary is Michael Seepersaud.
The WICB is charged with aiding regional development of cricket in the Americas region, under the ICC's development program.
From the 1880s onwards there had been no central body to co-ordinate the Inter-Colonial Tournaments and matches, select composite West Indian XIs for tours and against touring sides and to organise the West Indian tours of England, Canada and the United States. Such organisation as there was, was done by an informal coalition of the major clubs in the region. West Indian cricketers however had felt the need for the establishment of such an organisation although geography and culture were to make such a task difficult. However with the help of one influential Marylebone Cricket Club member, R. H. Mallet (the manager of the 1906 and 1923 West Indian tours and future manager of the 1930–31 West Indian tour to Australia), representatives of the various territories finally got together and ultimately formed the West Indies Cricket Board of Control. The preliminary meeting was in Bridgetown, Barbados, from which the informal West Indies Cricket Conference was founded in 1926. The West Indies Cricket Conference held its first official meeting on 22 January 1927 at the Bridgetown Club in Barbados attended by Mallett and representatives from the Windward Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Barbados and Demerara (British Guiana). Delegates from Jamaica and the Leeward Islands were invited by unfortunately were unable to attend. At this January meeting the delegates present decided to form the West Indies Cricket Board of Control (WICBC) which would be composed of a president, a secretary and two delegates each from Barbados, Demerara, Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago and one delegate each from the Leeward Islands and Windward Islands. The WICBC's first meeting was held on 17 and 18 June 1927 in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad with Harold Austin (the former captain of the 1906 and 1923 West Indian tours of England) serving as the first president. The Board as constituted was enlarged in 1982 when the Leeward and Windward Islands were given the same representation as the other full Members. The President was appointed by the Board at an Ordinary General Meeting and had to be a person resident in the West Indies who had shown a keen and active interest in West Indies Cricket. His term of office was for two years (and eligible for re-election) or until his successor was appointed. board members were also thenceforce to be appointed by their Cricket Associations although in British Guiana the Georgetown Cricket Club held this responsibility until 1943, and in Trinidad the Queens Park Oval Club until 1981 when their respective Cricket Associations were given recognition. There was a provision for Associate Members who would be entitled to attend Meetings but not to move resolutions or vote. Bermuda and Belize had been the only members in this category prior to their cessation as Associate Members.
- Barbados Cricket Association (BCA)
- Guyana Cricket Board (GCB)
- Jamaica Cricket Association (JCA)
- Trinidad & Tobago Cricket Board (TTCB)
- Leeward Islands Cricket Association (LICA); itself composed of:
- Anguilla Cricket Association
- Antigua and Barbuda Cricket Association
- British Virgin Islands Cricket Association
- Montserrat Cricket Association
- Nevis Cricket Association (for the island of Nevis alone)
- St. Kitts Cricket Association (for the island of St. Kitts alone)
- St. Maarten Cricket Association
- United States Virgin Islands Cricket Association
- Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control (WICBC); itself composed of:
The West Indies' major domestic competitions are the Regional Four Day Competition (First-class competition) and the WICB President's Cup (List A one-day competition) and more recently the Limacol Caribbean Premier League Caribbean Twenty20 (domestic Twenty20 competition - replacing the Caribbean Twenty20, which in turn replaced the Stanford 20/20 that had been financed and organized by Sir Allen Stanford). Other domestic competitions include the TCL Under-19 West Indies Challenge (three-day first class competition), TCL Under-19 West Indies Challenge Limited Overs Series (one-day limited overs competition), CLICO West Indies Under-15 competition and the WIWCF Women's Senior Tournament. One prominent former competition (not originally organized by the WICB) was the Inter-Colonial Tournament.
In the case of the Regional Four Day Tournament and the Regional Super50 the following first-class domestic teams participate:
- Barbados cricket team
- Combined Campuses and Colleges cricket team
- Guyana cricket team
- Jamaica cricket team
- Leeward Islands cricket team
- Trinidad and Tobago cricket team
- Windward Islands cricket team
In 1978 Belize had requested (through the then Belize Cricket Association) in a letter to the WICBC to participate in the Shell Shield and the List A competitions, but the WICBC was unable to entertain their request.
For the TCL Under-19 West Indies Challenge (both the first class and limited overs competitions) it is the Under-19 squads for these teams which participate, while for the CLICO Under-15 West Indies tournament it is the Under-15 squads for these teams which pariticipate. In the 2004 TCL Under-19 Challenge the Under-19 Bermuda cricket team and an Under-19 combined Americas cricket team also took part.
In the women's WIWCF Senior Tournament and the Stanford 20/20 competition the separate components of the Leeward Islands and Windward Islands compete individually. Additionally for the Stanford 20/20 competition teams from outside the West Indies sporting confederation, but within the Caribbean, also compete including the Bahamas, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Cuba (which was barred from competing in 2008 by the US embargo), the Turks and Caicos Islands (both competing in 2008) as well as the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (announced for the 2009 edition of the Stanford 20/20).
In the Limacol Caribbean Premier League there are franchise teams competing, with each franchise currently representing one of the six traditional cricketing territories in the West Indies:
- Hawksbills - representing Antigua and the rest of the Leeward Islands
- Tridents - representing Barbados
- Amazon Warriors - representing Guyana
- Tallawahs - representing Jamaica
- Zouks - representing St. Lucia and the rest of the Windward Islands
- Red Steel - representing Trinidad and Tobago
Principals of the West Indies Cricket Board
WICB(C) Presidents (Men's cricket)
- Sir Harold Austin
- Lawrence T. Yearwood (Laurie Yearwood)
- Frederick G. Grant (Fred Grant)
- Robert Karl Nunes: 1945–1952
- Sir Errol Dos Santos
- John St. Felix Dare: 1960–1966
- Tom Pierce
- Robert Cecil Marley
- Jeffrey Stollmeyer: 1974–1981
- Allan Rae: 1981–1988
- Sir Clyde Walcott: 1988–1993
- Captain Peter Short: 1993–1996
- Patrick (Pat) Rousseau: 1996–2001
- Reverend Wesley (Wes) Hall: 2001–2003
- Teddy Griffith: 2003–2005
- Kenneth (Ken) Gordon: 2005–2007
- Julian Hunte: 2007–2013
- Whycliffe (Dave) Cameron: 2013–present
- Carol Whilby-Maxwell
Secretaries/ chief executive Officers
- Stephen Camacho: 1982–2000
- Gregory Shillingford: 2000–2002
- Roger Brathwaite: 2003–2007 (acting from 2002)
- Bruce Aanensen: 2007–2007
- Donald Peters: 2007–2009
- Ernest Hilaire: 2009–2012
- Michael Muirhead: 2012–present
Notes and references
- Patterson Report  p. 32
- Keith A.P. Sandiford in Beckles et al., op. cit., p.30
- The West Indies cricket annual (Literary Features Limited). 1978. "LETTER FROM BELIZE CRICKET ASSOCIATION:- A request from the Belize Cricket Association to participate in the Shell Shield and Benson & Hedges Tournaments could not be entertained at this time"
- Michael Manley, A History of West Indies Cricket, 1988 (revised edition by Donna Symmonds, London, Andre Deutsch, 2002 ( ISBN 023305037X ) )
- Hilary Beckles et al., A spirit of dominance: cricket and nationalism in the West Indies, Canoe Press, 1998 ( ISBN 9768125373 )
- West Indies Cricket Board – Official website
- Official Facebook page of West Indies Cricket team.
- West Indies Cricket Board on Twitter