White-cheeked tern

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White-cheeked tern
White-cheeked Tern.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Sternidae
Genus: Sterna
Species: S. repressa
Binomial name
Sterna repressa
Hartert, 1916

The white-cheeked tern (Sterna repressa) is a species of tern in the Sternidae family. It is found around the coasts on the Red Sea, around the Horn of Africa to Kenya, in the Persian Gulf and along the Iranian coast to Pakistan and western India.[2]

Behaviour[edit]

Most of this species is migratory, although those in East Africa may remain there all year. It breeds in colonies of 10–200 pairs. These colonies can consist of a mixture of tern species.[3]

Habitat[edit]

The species inhabits tropical coasts and inshore waters, foraging mainly within 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) of land over coral reefs. It's nest is a shallow scrape on rock, sand, gravel or coral islands, bare and exposed sandflats and sparsely vegetated open ground on sand-dunes and above the high-water mark on beaches.[3]

Diet[edit]

It's diet consists of invertebrates and small fish.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Sterna repressa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Coursers, noddies, gulls, tern, auks and sandgrouse". International Ornithological Congress. Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  3. ^ a b c "Sterna repressa". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-12.