William M. Blair

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

William McCormick Blair (May 2, 1884 – March 29, 1982), was an American financier.

Life[edit]

William McCormick Blair was born May 2, 1884 in Chicago. His father, Edward Tyler Blair, was the son of William Blair,[1] who founded the first wholesale hardware house in Chicago. Edward was a Yale graduate in 1879, who wrote several books including a history of the Chicago Club,[2] and spent his life working in his father's firm.[3] He was very wealthy, and employed four Swedish servants to manage the house while his children were growing up.

William McCormick Blair's mother, Anna Reubenia "Ruby" McCormick (1860–1917), was the daughter of the agricultural machinery manufacturer William Sanderson McCormick (1815–1865) and a member of the illustrious McCormick family. Her grandfather was Robert McCormick (1780–1846), who invented a mechanical reaper.[4]

William graduated from Groton School in 1903, and received a BA from Yale in 1907.[3] At Yale, he was on the rowing crew and a member of the Skull and Bones society.[5] He later received honorary degrees from Northwestern University in 1964[6] and Lake Forest College.

Upon graduation he entered the Northern Trust Company of Chicago. Shortly after, he entered the bond brokerage firm, David Reid & Company. In 1909 he moved to Lee, Higginson and rose through the ranks, becoming managing partner of its Chicago office.

When it looked as if America would enter World War I in 1917, Blair was involved with the Four-Minute Men of Chicago, giving speeches during film intermissions. He was also active in the sale of War Bonds. When the Four-Minute Men were absorbed by the Committee on Public Information, he went to Washington, DC to be its director. Woodrow Wilson sent him a letter of thanks.[7] As the war came to a close he enlisted in the Army and trained in a New York base.

After the war he continued with Lee, Higginson,[8] but due the underwriting of Swedish magnate Ivar Kreuger the firm went bankrupt.[when?]

In 1934 he was associated with Francis A. Bonner, who was also at Lee, Higginson. Together the two were organising a financial company of their own. Blair was left with no money after the collapse of Lee, Higginson, but he managed to obtain $50,000 from Joseph and Edward Ryerson, John and Douglas Stuart of Quaker Oats and Roger Shepherd.

Their firm was opened on January 8, 1935 as Blair, Bonner & Company with an office in the Marshal Field Building at 135 South LaSalle Street in Chicago.[9] The firm specialized in financing homes in the midwestern United States. In its early days it assisted the growth of the Household Finance Corporation, Continental Casualty and Continental Assurance.

In 1941 Bonner left the company, and it was renamed William Blair & Company. The firm was managed by five partners: William Blair, Wallace Flower, Donald Miehls, Lee Ostrander and Daniel Ritter.

Blair married Helen Hadduck Bowen (1890–1972), daughter of banker Joseph Tilton Bowen and Louise deKoven (1859–1953). In 1912 her mother endowed the summer camp for poor children of Hull House known as the Bowen Country Club.[10][11][12]

In 1946 Blair's sons, William McCormick Blair, Jr., Edward McCormick Blair (born 1915) and Bowen Blair (born 1918) joined the firm. Blair, Sr. stepped down as managing partner in 1961, and handed the reins over to son Edward. Bowen Blair died on September 11, 2009.[13] Edward retired in 1977 and died December 22, 2010.[14][15]

Blair was a director of the Continental Casualty Co., the Continental Assurance Co. and the Peoples Gas Light and Coke Co. He was a Life Trustee of the Art Institute of Chicago, a University of Chicago Life Trustee, Trustee of the Field Museum of Natural History, Trustee of Groton School, and Trustee of the Yale Alumni Board.[citation needed] Blair was also on the Board of Trustees at The Scripps Research Institute.

He remained a senior partner of William Blair & Company until his death. The firm stayed relatively small, and still had offices in the same building on LaSalle street.[16] He died March 29, 1982 at his home in Chicago.[17]

William McCormick Blair Estate
Location 982 Sheridan Road, Lake Bluff, Illinois
Area 9 acres (3.6 ha)
Architect David Adler
Architectural style Colonial Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 07001476[18]
Added to NRHP January 31, 2008

Legacy[edit]

In 1980, Blair guided the founding of the David Adler Music and Arts Center (formerly known as the David Adler Cultural Center) in Libertyville, Illinois. The center is located on the property that once was the home the architect David Adler, who bequeathed it to the city.[19] Blair had been the client, neighbor, and friend of Adler, and had recruited Adler to become a trustee of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1925.

Adler designed a house for Blair on an 11-acre (4.5 ha) estate they purchased in 1926 when the Crab Tree Farm of Henry Williams Blodgett in Lake Bluff, Illinois was broken up by Scott Sloan Durand (1869–1949).[20] Their garden was designed by Ellen Biddle Shipman. His son Edward also built a house on an adjacent parcel, designed by George Fred Keck.[21] The family bought the rest of Crab Tree Farm in the 1950s. The estate was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Lake County, Illinois on January 31, 2008. It was later owned by John H. Bryan.[18] It is located at 982 Sheridan Road, 42°17′25″N 87°50′4″W / 42.29028°N 87.83444°W / 42.29028; -87.83444 (Crab Tree Farm).

He was decorated as a chevalier in the Légion d'honneur and as a commander in the Royal Order of Vasa.[citation needed]

The Pritzker Military Museum & Library holds the William McCormick Blair Collection, which consists of letters, news bulletins, pamphlets, publications, newspaper clippings and photographs related to Blair's service as the National Director of the Four Minute Men, a division of the Committee on Public Information during World War I.[22]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert McCormick, Jr.
(1780–1846)
 
Mary Ann Hall
(1780–1853)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nancy Fowler
(1835–1923)
 
Cyrus Hall McCormick, Sr.
(1809–1884)
 
Mary Ann Grigsby
(1828–1878)
 
William Sanderson McCormick
(1815–1865)
 
Leander James McCormick
(1819–1900)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cyrus Hall McCormick, Jr.
(1859–1936)
 
Harold Fowler McCormick
(1872–1941)
 
 
 
Joseph Medill
(1823–1899)
 
 
 
 
 
Leander Hamilton McCormick
(1859–1934)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert Sanderson McCormick
(1849–1919)
 
 
Katherine van Etta Medill
(1853–1932)
 
William Grigsby McCormick
(1851–1941)
 
Anna Reubenia McCormick
(1860–1882)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joseph Medill McCormick
(1877–1925)
 
Ruth Hanna
(1880–1944)
 
Robert Rutherford McCormick
(1880–1955)
 
Chauncey Brooks McCormick
(1884–1954)
 
William McCormick Blair, Sr.
(1884–1982)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brooks McCormick
(1917–2006)
 
William McCormick Blair, Jr.
(born 1916)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Opinion of the Court: Blair v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue". February 1, 1937. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ Edward Tyler Blair (1898). A history of the Chicago Club. H.S. Stone & Company. 
  3. ^ a b Frederick Wells Williams, ed. (1906). A history of the Class of seventy-nine: Yale college, during the thirty years from its admission into the academic department, 1875-1905. Yale University Press. pp. 102–105. 
  4. ^ Leander James McCormick (1896). Family record and biography. pp. 306–309. 
  5. ^ Yale University (1906). The Yale literary magazine. Yale Literary Society. p. 370. 
  6. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients 1951 through 2010". Northwestern University. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Praise for Minute Men: President Wilson Commends Work In Aiding Government" (PDF). New York Times. December 30, 1917. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  8. ^ Investment Bankers Association of America bulletin. Issued from the Office of the Secretary, Investment Bankers Association of America. 1920. p. 116. 
  9. ^ "William Blair & Company History: The Early Years". official web site. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Bowen Country Club". collection description. University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  11. ^ "How the Bowen Country Club Came To Be". Bowen Country Club official web site. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Louis deKoven Bowen". Bowen Country Club official web site. University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  13. ^ Trevor Jensen (September 17, 2009). "Bowen Blair, 1918-2009: A leader for decades at family's William Blair & Co.". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  14. ^ Linda Blaser (January 6, 2011). "Edward Blair passes away at 95; William Blair managing partner remembered for his generosity". LakeForester. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  15. ^ Becky Yerak (December 30, 2010). "Edward 'Ed' McCormick Blair: 1915-2010: Businessman served on boards of several prestigious companies, charities". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ Bill Barnhart (February 17, 1986). "William Blair: A Tradition Of `Intimacy`". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  17. ^ Michael Norman (April 2, 1982). "William M. Blair Dead at 97; Chicago Investment Banker". New York Times. p. B6. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  18. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  19. ^ "David Adler Music and Arts Center". official web site. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  20. ^ "History of Crab Tree Farm". official web site. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  21. ^ "The North Sheridan Road Estate Area". Village of Lake Bluff. pp. 41–50. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  22. ^ "[William McCormick Blair Collection]. | Pritzker Military Museum & Library | Chicago". Pritzkermilitary.org. Retrieved 2014-06-16.