William Reynolds (naval officer)

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William Reynolds
William Reynolds (US Navy officer).jpg
Born (1815-12-10)December 10, 1815
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Died November 5, 1879(1879-11-05) (aged 63)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Lancaster Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1831–1877
Rank USN Rear Admiral rank insignia.jpg Rear Admiral
Commands held Vermont
New Hampshire
Lackawanna
Asiatic Squadron
Battles/wars American Civil War
Relations John F. Reynolds (brother)
William Reynolds at younger age

William Reynolds (December 10, 1815 – November 5, 1879) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy who served during the American Civil War. His younger brother (by five years) was United States Army general John F. Reynolds.[1]

Biography[edit]

Reynolds was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and joined the Navy in 1831. His first assignment was to the Boxer, in which he toured Africa, Brazil and the Malay archipelago. In 1837, he was promoted to passed midshipman and to lieutenant in 1841. From 1838 to 1842, he served with the U.S. Exploring Expedition, and was among the first to sight the Antarctic mainland. In 1842, he was assigned to the Cumberland.

In 1862, he was promoted to commander and given his first ship, the Vermont, a receiving ship at Port Royal, South Carolina. (When that ship was replaced by the New Hampshire, he was transferred to command it.) He was subsequently given command of the depot there.[1]

In 1865, Reynolds was promoted to captain and given command of the screw sloop Lackawanna after the American Civil War, assigned to the Pacific. In 1867, he was the officer to formally claim the Midway Atoll for the United States, after its discovery by a sealing ship in 1859. In 1870, he was made a commodore and was made the Chief of the Bureau of Equipment. In 1873, he was promoted to rear admiral[1] and given command of the Asiatic Squadron from his flagship, the steam frigate Tennessee. Reynolds served as the acting Secretary of the United States Navy in 1874.[1]

His last foreign tour included an official visit to China.[1] Reynolds' wife, Rebecca Krug Reynolds, became the first American woman to walk on the Great Wall of China.[1]

In 1877, due to failing health, he retired from active service.[1] Reynolds died in Washington, D.C., on November 5, 1879, and is buried next to his younger brother, John F. Reynolds, in the cemetery in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cameron, Fritchie are luminaries of era". Intelligencer Journal. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 2012-02-12. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Robert F. R. Lewis
Commander, Asiatic Squadron
16 August 1875–12 August 1877
Succeeded by
Jonathan Young