USS New Hampshire (1864)
USS New Hampshire housed over
|Laid down:||June 1819|
|Launched:||23 April 1864 at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard|
|Commissioned:||13 May 1864|
|Out of service:||23 May 1921|
|Fate:||burned, 23 May 1921
sunk under tow, July 1922
|Length:||203.7 ft (62.1 m)|
|Beam:||51.3 ft (15.6 m)|
|Draft:||21 ft 6 in (6.55 m)|
|Complement:||820 officers and men|
|Armament:||4 × 100-pounder Parrott rifles, 6 × 9 in (230 mm) Dahlgren guns|
The New Hampshire
|Nearest city||Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts|
|Area||9350 mi. sq.|
|NRHP Reference #||76000261|
|Added to NRHP||29 October 1976|
The USS New Hampshire (1864) was a 2,633 ton ship originally designed to be the 74-gun ship of the line Alabama, but she remained on the stocks for nearly 40 years, well into the age of steam, before being renamed and launched as a storeship and depot ship during the American Civil War. She was later renamed to USS Granite State.
As Alabama, she was one of "nine ships to rate not less than 74 guns each" authorized by Congress on 29 April 1816, and was laid down by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Maine, in June 1819, the year the State of Alabama was admitted to the Union. Though ready for launch by 1825, she remained on the stocks for preservation; an economical measure that avoided the expense of manning and maintaining a ship of the line.
Launched for duty in the Civil War
Renamed New Hampshire on 28 October 1863, she was launched on 23 April 1864, fitted out as a storeship and depot ship of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and commissioned on 13 May 1864, Commodore Henry K. Thatcher in command.
New Hampshire sailed from Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 15 June and relieved sister ship Vermont on 29 July 1864 as store and depot ship at Port Royal, South Carolina, and served there through the end of the Civil War.
Post-Civil War service
She returned to Norfolk, Virginia on 8 June 1866, serving as a receiving ship there until 10 May 1876, when she sailed back to Port Royal. She resumed duty at Norfolk in 1881 but soon shifted to Newport, Rhode Island. She became flagship of Commodore Stephen B. Luce's newly formed Apprentice Training Squadron, marking the commencement of an effective apprentice training program for the Navy. Four of New Hampshire's crewmen earned the Medal of Honor for jumping overboard to rescue fellow sailors from drowning in two separate 1882 incidents: Quartermaster Henry J. Manning and Ship's Printer John McCarton on 4 January 1882, and Boatswain's Mate James F. Sullivan and Chief Boatswain's Mate Jeremiah Troy on 21 April 1882.
The New Hampshire was towed from Newport to New London, Connecticut in 1891 and was receiving ship there until decommissioned on 5 June 1892 as was described by Fred J. Buenzle, who had served aboard the New Hampshire, as noted in Bluejacket; An Autobiography, a part of the Classics Of Naval Literature series. The following year she was loaned as a training ship for the New York Naval Militia, which was to furnish nearly a thousand officers and men to the Navy during the Spanish-American War.
Renamed Granite State
Stationed in the Hudson River, Granite State continued training service throughout the years leading to World War I when State naval militia were practically the only trained and equipped men available to the Navy for immediate service. They were mustered into the Navy as National Naval Volunteers. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels wrote in his Our Navy at War:
|“||"Never again will men dare ridicule the Volunteer, the Reservist, the man who in a national crisis lays aside civilian duty to become a soldier or sailor—they fought well. They died well. They have left in deeds and words a record that will be an inspiration to unborn generations."||”|
Granite State served the New York State Militia until she caught fire and sank at her pier in the Hudson River on 23 May 1921. Her hull was sold for salvage on 19 August to the Mulholland Machinery Corporation. Refloated in July 1922, she was taken in tow headed for the Bay of Fundy. The towline parted during a storm, she again caught fire and sank off Half Way Rock near Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts on 26 July.
The shipwreck is in 30 ft (9.1 m) of water, and is an easy scuba dive. Although the hull is mostly buried in the sand, small artifacts and copper spikes may still be found. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on 29 October 1976, reference number 76000261.
- Union Navy
- United States Navy
- List of United States Navy ships
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients - Interim Awards, 1871–1898". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. 5 August 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- NY Times article, Jan. 15, 1922: "Old Granite State Soon to be Ashes"
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Chapelle, Howard (1949). The History of the American Sailing Navy: the Ships and their Development. New York City: Norton.