World Agroforestry Centre
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|World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)|
|Motto||Transforming lives and landscapes with trees|
|Type||International non-profit organisation|
|Purpose/focus||Agricultural research and development to improve the food security, nutrition, income, health, shelter, energy resources and environmental sustainability of smallholder farmers.|
|Region served||Six regional offices in India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Cameroon and Peru|
|Director General||Tony Simons (2011– )|
The World Agroforestry Centre (known as the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, ICRAF before 2002), is an international institute headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, and founded in 1978. The Centre specialises in the sustainable management, protection and regulation of tropical rainforest and natural reserves. It is one of 15 agricultural research centres which makes up the global network known as the CGIAR. The Centre conducts research in agroforestry, in partnership with national agricultural research systems with a view to developing more sustainable and productive land use. The focus of its research is countries/regions in the developing world, particular in the tropics of Central and South America, Southeast Asia and parts of central Africa.
In 2002 the Centre acquired the World Agroforestry Centre brand name, although International Centre for Research in Agroforestry remains its legal name and it continues to use the acronym ICRAF.
The World Agroforestry Centre conducts research in agroforestry (the growing of useful trees on farms and in the landscape) in partnership with national and international agricultural research organisations and development institutions. Research is aimed at improving food security and increasing resources for energy, as well as the need to sustainably manage agricultural landscapes for the critical ecosystem services they provide.
Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, the Centre works across sub-Saharan Africa (eastern, southern, and west and central) South and Southeast Asia, and Latin America. All of these regions share the interconnected problems of poverty, hunger and environmental degradation to varying degrees and offer opportunities for agroforestry interventions. Large differences exist in the challenges and opportunities for agricultural development in each of these regions, as well as in the differing roles that agroforestry can play to meet them.
The Centre receives funding from over 50 different investors; including governments, private foundations, international organisations and regional development banks.
The International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) was created in response to a visionary study in the mid-1970s led by forester John Bene of Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The study coined the term 'agroforestry' and called for global recognition of the key role trees play on farms. This led to the establishment of ICRAF in 1978 to promote agroforestry research in developing countries.
During the 1980s ICRAF operated as an information council focused on Africa. It joined the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in 1991 to conduct strategic research on agroforestry at a global scale, changing its name from Council to Centre. After joining the CGIAR, the Centre explicitly linked its work to the goals of the CGIAR—reducing poverty, increasing food security and improving the environment. The Centre expanded into South America and Southeast Asia while strengthening its activities in Africa.
In the 1990s ICRAF continued the process of institutional transformation by developing a science culture, building excellent research facilities and doubling its financial and human resources by 1996. The Centre formally adopted an integrated natural resource management framework for all of its work, and institutionalised its commitment to impact by creating a Development Group dedicated to moving research results onto farmers' fields.
In 2002, the Centre acquired the brand name the 'World Agroforestry Centre' however the 'International Centre for Research in Agroforestry' remains its legal name. The Centre is now recognised as an international leader in agroforestry research and development however it cannot possibly provide expertise in all conceivable dimensions of agroforestry. The Centre engages in strategic alliances with a range of other institutions to specialise in specific topics of relevance to agroforestry and in the effective delivery of research results to farmers' fields.
Scientific results from the work of the World Agroforestry Centre are made available to the international scientific community, policymakers and investors through publications in international journals, working papers, occasional papers, policy briefs, databases, newsletters and training materials. They are also available from the Centre's website.
- Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
- CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
- Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF)
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
- As of 29 January 2013, this article uses content from ICRAF: World Forestry Center publications. This content has been licensed under the CC-By-SA and GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed.