Wu Xian (Chinese: 巫咸) was a Chinese Shaman. Wu (Chinese: 巫; pinyin: wū; Wade–Giles: wu; literally means "shaman") who have practiced divination, prayer, sacrifice, rainmaking, and healing in Chinese traditions dating back over 3,000 years. Wu Xian lived in the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC) of China. He is considered as one of the main ancient Chinese astronomers alongside more historical figures such as Gan De and Shi Shen, the latter two of whom lived during the Warring States (403–221 BC). He has also been represented as one of the "Three Astronomical Traditions" on the Dunhuang map which was made during the Tang dynasty (618–907).