Xi Boötis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Xi Boötis A/B
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Boötes constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of ξ Boötis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Boötes
Right ascension 14h 51m 23.37993s[1]
Declination +19° 06′ 01.6994″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.70/6.97
Characteristics
Spectral type G8 Ve + K4 Ve
U−B color index 0.24/1.15
B−V color index 0.73/1.15
R−I color index 0.43 / 0.28
Variable type BY Draconis/None
flare star
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +3.0[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 154.98[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -66.43[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 148.98 ± 0.48[1] mas
Distance 21.89 ± 0.07 ly
(6.71 ± 0.02 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 5.54/7.81
Orbit[3]
Companion Xi Boötis B
Period (P) 151.505 ± 0.170 yr
Semi-major axis (a) 4.9044 ± 0.0027"
Eccentricity (e) 0.5117 ± 0.0006
Inclination (i) 140.037 ± 0.095°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 168.100 ± 0.164°
Periastron epoch (T) 1909.361 ± 0.024
Argument of periastron (ω)
(secondary)
23.917 ± 0.214°
Details
ξ Boo A
Mass 0.90 ± 0.04[4] M
Radius 0.83[5] R
Luminosity (visual, LV) 0.6041 ± 0.0040[6] L
Temperature 5551 ± 20[4] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.21 ± 0.08[4] dex
Rotation 6.2[5]
Age 200[7] Myr
ξ Boo B
Mass 0.66 ± 0.07[4] M
Radius 0.61[5] R
Luminosity (visual, LV) 0.061 L
Temperature 4350 ± 150[4] K
Rotation 11.5[5]
Other designations
37 Boötis, BD +19°2870, GCTP 3360.00, Gl 566, HD 131156, HIP 72659, HR 5544, SAO 101250.
Database references
SIMBAD data
ARICNS data
Data sources:
Hipparcos Catalogue,
CCDM (2002),
Bright Star Catalogue (5th rev. ed.)

Xi Boötis (ξ Boo, ξ Boötis) is a binary star[4] system 22 light years away from Earth. It is the nearest visible star in the constellation Boötes. The brighter, primary component of the pair has a visual magnitude of 4.70, making it visible to the naked eye.

Properties[edit]

The primary star in this system is a BY Draconis variable with an apparent magnitude that varies from +4.52 to +4.67 with a period just over 10 days long, and is classified as a G-type main sequence star. It has 90% of the mass and 83% of the radius of the Sun, but shines with just 60% the Sun's luminosity. The secondary component is a K-type star, with just 66% of the Sun's mass and 61% of the Sun's radius.

The pair follow a wide, highly elliptical orbit around their common barycenter, completing an orbit every 151.5 years. The pair can be resolved even through smaller telescopes. The binary system contains some of the closest young solar-type stars to the Sun, with a system age of about 200 million years old.[7]

The primary star (A) has been identified as a candidate for possessing a Kuiper-like belt,[8] based on infrared observations. The estimated minimum mass of this dust disk is 2.4 times the mass of the Earth's Moon. (Compare to the value of 8.2 lunar masses for the Kuiper belt.)[9]

A necessary condition for the existence of a planet in this system are stable zones where the object can remain in orbit for long intervals. For hypothetical planets in a circular orbit around the individual members of this star system, this maximum orbital radius is computed to be 3.8 AU for the primary and 3.5 AU for the secondary. (Note that the orbit of Mars is 1.52 AU from the Sun.) A planet orbiting outside of both stars would need to be at least 108 AU distant.[10]

Distance[edit]

Xi Boötis distance estimates

Source Parallax, mas Distance, pc Distance, ly Distance, Pm Ref.
Woolley et al. (1970) 148±6 6.76+0.29
−0.26
22±0.9 208.5+8.8
−8.1
[11]
Gliese & Jahreiß (1991) 149.1±3.6 6.71+0.17
−0.16
21.9±0.5 207+5.1
−4.9
[12]
van Altena et al. (1995) 149.7±1.7 6.68±0.08 21.79+0.25
−0.24
206.1+2.4
−2.3
[13]
Perryman et al. (1997) (Hipparcos) 149.26±0.76 6.7±0.03 21.85±0.11 206.7+1.1
−1
[14]
Perryman et al. (1997) (Tycho) 137.90±3.80 7.25+0.21
−0.19
23.7+0.7
−0.6
223.8+6.3
−6
[15]
Söderhjelm (1999) 147.1±0.8 6.8±0.04 22.17±0.12 209.8±1.1 [16]
van Leeuwen (2007) 148.98±0.48 6.712±0.022 21.89±0.07 207.1±0.7 [17]
RECONS TOP100 (2012) 147.57±0.72[nb 1] 6.78±0.03 22.1±0.11 209.1±1 [18]

Non-trigonometric distance estimates are marked in italic. The most precise estimate is marked in bold.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, Floor (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752v1, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357  Note: see VizieR catalogue I/311.
  2. ^ Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E 
  3. ^ Wielen, R. (November 1962), "Automatic orbit computation for visual binaries", Astronomical Journal 67: 599–607, Bibcode:1962AJ.....67..599W, doi:10.1086/108791  The data is from Orbit #3; the solution used by the 6th Washington Double Star catalogue for WDS 14514+1906.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Fernandes, J. et al. (1998), "Fundamental stellar parameters for nearby visual binary stars: eta Cas, XI Boo, 70 OPH and 85 Peg", Astronomy and Astrophysics 338: 455–464, Bibcode:1998A&A...338..455F 
  5. ^ a b c d Wood, Brian E.; Linsky, Jeffrey L. (July 2010), "Resolving the ξ Boo Binary with Chandra, and Revealing the Spectral Type Dependence of the Coronal "FIP Effect"", The Astrophysical Journal 717 (2): 1279–1290, arXiv:1005.3281, Bibcode:2010ApJ...717.1279W, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/717/2/1279 
  6. ^ Boyajian, Tabetha S. et al. (July 2013), "Stellar Diameters and Temperatures. III. Main-sequence A, F, G, and K Stars: Additional High-precision Measurements and Empirical Relations", The Astrophysical Journal 771 (1): 31, arXiv:1306.2974, Bibcode:2013ApJ...771...40B, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/40, 40.  See Table 3.
  7. ^ a b Mamajek, Eric E.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (November 2008), "Improved Age Estimation for Solar-Type Dwarfs Using Activity-Rotation Diagnostics", The Astrophysical Journal 687 (2): 1264–1293, arXiv:0807.1686, Bibcode:2008ApJ...687.1264M, doi:10.1086/591785 
  8. ^ Hinshaw, Gary (February 3, 1997), Science Requirements Document (PDF), NASA JPL, archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-29, retrieved 2006-08-10 
  9. ^ Holmes, E. K. et al. (2003), "A Survey of Nearby Main-Sequence Stars for Submillimeter Emission", The Astronomical Journal 125 (6): 3334–3343, Bibcode:2003AJ....125.3334H, doi:10.1086/375202 
  10. ^ Jaime, Luisa G. et al. (December 2012), "Regions of dynamical stability for discs and planets in binary stars of the solar neighbourhood", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 427 (4): 2723–2733, arXiv:1208.2051, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427.2723J, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21839.x. 
  11. ^ Woolley R.; Epps E. A.; Penston M. J.; Pocock S. B. (1970). "Woolley 566". Catalogue of stars within 25 parsecs of the Sun. 
  12. ^ Gliese, W. and Jahreiß, H. (1991). "Gl 566". Preliminary Version of the Third Catalogue of Nearby Stars. 
  13. ^ Van Altena W. F., Lee J. T., Hoffleit E. D. (1995). "GCTP 3360". The General Catalogue of Trigonometric Stellar Parallaxes (Fourth ed.). 
  14. ^ Perryman et al. (1997). "HIP 72659". The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues. 
  15. ^ Perryman et al. (1997). "HIP 72659". The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues. 
  16. ^ Söderhjelm, Staffan (1999). "HIP 72659". Visual binary orbits and masses post Hipparcos. 
  17. ^ van Leeuwen F. (2007). "HIP 72659". Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction. 
  18. ^ "RECONS TOP100". THE ONE HUNDRED NEAREST STAR SYSTEMS brought to you by RECONS (Research Consortium On Nearby Stars). 2012. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Weighted parallax based on parallaxes from van Altena et al. (1995) and Söderhjelm (1999).

External links[edit]