YKI test

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YKI (Finnish: Yleinen Kielitutkinto; English: National Certificate of Language Proficiency) is a Finnish language certification issued by the University of Jyväskylä and sanctioned by the Finnish Ministry of Education, following a standardized exam comprising oral and written parts that match the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) requirements and proficiency levels.[1]

The YKI certification divides linguistic proficiency into three broad levels: upper, middle, and lower. These can be further divided into six levels that match the CEFR classification system.

CEFR YKI
A1 1
A2 2
B1 3
B2 4
C1 5
C2 6

Foreigners must pass the middle level certification (levels 3 or 4) to qualify for Finnish citizenship.

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