|This article relies on references to primary sources. (April 2012)|
YKI (Finnish: Yleinen Kielitutkinto; English: National Certificate of Language Proficiency) is a Finnish language certification issued by the University of Jyväskylä and sanctioned by the Finnish Ministry of Education, following a standardized exam comprising oral and written parts that match the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) requirements and proficiency levels.
The YKI certification divides linguistic proficiency into three broad levels: upper, middle, and lower. These can be further divided into six levels that match the CEFR classification system.
Foreigners must pass the middle level certification (levels 3 or 4) to qualify for Finnish citizenship.
- "Opetushallitus - Frequently Asked Questions". 2009-09-24.