Yacarerani

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Yacarerani
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous
Yacarerani boliviensis.png
Skull restoration
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Suborder: Notosuchia
Node: Ziphosuchia
Genus: Yacarerani
Novas et al., 2009
Species
  • Y. boliviensis Novas et al., 2009
Restoration

Yacarerani (meaning "first Yacare" in Guaraní) is an extinct genus of Late Cretaceous notosuchian crocodylomorph. Fossils have been found in 2002 from central Bolivia in Amboró National Park and are Turonian-Santonian in age. The genus was recently described in 2009 in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.[1] The material represents two individuals and was found in association with eggs that are thought to have been part of a nest. Yacarerani was a small crocodylomorph at around 80 centimetres (31 in) in length. It may have lived in small groups, creating burrows to lay eggs in.[2]

The dentition of Yacarerani, like many other notosuchians, is heterodont, with different tooth morphologies in different parts of the jaws. Two teeth in the lower jaw project forward from the tip, resembling the incisors of a rabbit. Other teeth, situated posteriorly, are cusped and adapted for grinding or chopping food such as tubers or small arthropods.[2] In the lower jaw, the dentary tooth rows merge posterior to the anterior dentary teeth. The same is true for the upper tooth rows, which merge on the palate.

Yacarerani presents similar teeth morphology to Adamantinasuchus navae, a crocodylomorph from Adamantina Formation, Bauru Group, Brazil.

Below is a cladogram from Novas et al. (2009) showing the phylogenetic position of Yacarerani:[1]

Notosuchia 

Uruguaysuchus



Araripesuchus




Simosuchus



Libycosuchus




Malawisuchus



Candidodon





Notosuchus




Comahuesuchus



Mariliasuchus




Yacarerani



Adamantinasuchus







Chimaerasuchus



Sphagesaurus





Baurusuchus



Sebecidae







References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Novas, F. E.; Pais, D. F.; Pol, D.; Carvalho, I. D. S.; Mones, A.; Scanferla, A.; and Riglos, M. S. (2009). "Bizarre notosuchian crocodyliform with associated eggs from the Upper Cretaceous of Bolivia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29 (4): 1316–1320. doi:10.1671/039.029.0409. 
  2. ^ a b Telam (December 21, 2009). Un paleontólogo argentino halló en Bolivia un cocodrilo de la era de los dinosaurios. Telam.