Yang Lian (楊煉 Yáng Liàn) is a Chinese poet associated with the Misty Poets and also with the Searching for Roots school. He was born in Bern, Switzerland in 1955 and raised in Beijing, where he attended primary school.
His education was interrupted by the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution after 1966. In 1974 he was sent to Changping county near Beijing to undergo 're-education through labor', where he undertook a variety of tasks including digging graves. In 1977, after the Cultural Revolution had ended and Mao Zedong had died, Yang returned to Beijing where he worked with the state broadcasting service.
Yang began writing traditional Chinese poetry while working in the countryside, despite this genre of poetry being officially proscribed under the rule of Mao Zedong. In 1979, he became involved with the group of poets writing for 'Today' (Jintian) magazine, and his style of poetry developed into the modernist, experimental style common within that group.
The 'Today' group attracted considerable controversy during the early 1980s, and the initially derogatory term of 'Misty Poets' was applied to them at this time. In 1983, Yang's poem 'Norlang' (the name of a waterfall in Tibet) was criticised as part of the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign, and a warrant was put out for his arrest. He managed to escape after a tip-off from friends; the campaign ended shortly afterwards.
Yang began to travel overseas after 1986, including visits to Australia and New Zealand. Yang Lian was in Auckland, New Zealand at the time of the Tiananmen incident, and was involved with protests against the actions of the Chinese government. His work was blacklisted in China shortly after June 4, 1989, and two books of his poetry awaiting publication there were pulped. A short time later, Yang's Chinese citizenship was revoked. He requested a new passport so that he could travel abroad, but Chinese authorities refused to issue one for him, and he was granted refugee status in New Zealand.
Since 2005 he is Professor at European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland and Artistic Director of the Unique Mother Tongue series of international poetry-arts events held periodically in London.
He won International Nonino Prize in 2012.
Works and collections
- Where the Sea Stands Still: New Poems by Yang Lian Translated by Brian Holton, Newcastle: Bloodaxe Books (1999)
- Non-Person Singular: Collected Shorter Poems of Yang Lian. Translated by Brian Holton, London: WellSweep Press (1994)
- Concentric Circles. Translated by Brian Holton and Agnes Hung-Chong Chan, Tarset:Bloodaxe Books, (2005)
- Notes of a Blissful Ghost. Translated by Brian Holton, Hong Kong:Renditions Paperbacks(2002)
- Unreal City (2006)
- Riding Pisces: Poems from Five Collections. Translated by Brian Holton, Exeter:Shearsman (2008)
- "Yang Lian Faculty Page at European Graduate School (Biography, bibliography and video lectures)". European Graduate School. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- A Brief Guide to Misty Poets
- Hilary Chung and Jacob Edmond, 'Yang Lian, Auckland and the Poetics of Exile', introduction to Unreal City, Auckland University Press, 2006, pp. 4-5.
- Unique Mother Tongue
- Yang Lian, Unreal City, Auckland University Press, 2006.
- Chinese Writers on Writing featuring Yang Lian. Ed. Arthur Sze. (Trinity University Press, 2010).
- The Music of Ink at the British Museum, ed. Helen Wang. Saffron Books, London, 2012. The Music of Ink at the British Museum.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yang Lian.|
- Yang Lian's website (in English and Chinese)
- Yang Lian faculty profile at European Graduate School. Biography and bibliography
- Yang Lian page
- Some of His Writings
- Biography as a member of the 2006 Lettre Ulysses Award jury
- A PRC embassy webpage describing Yang Lian
- Yang Lian at Culturebase.net