|Traditional region||Lower Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|Elevation||276 m (906 ft)|
Zgornji Kašelj (pronounced [ˈzɡoːɾnji ˈkaːʃəl]; in older sources also Gorenji Kašelj, German: Oberkaschel) is a formerly independent settlement in the eastern part of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It lies on a terrace above the left bank of the Ljubljanica River and extends west to Vevče and the source of Bajer Creek. It was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region. The western part of the settlement was known as Dravlje, but this name passed out of use in the 20th century.
Zgornji Kašelj was mentioned in written sources together with neighboring Spodnji Kašelj in 1360 as (Nieder)chaeschel and Kaeschel (and as Geschel in 1421, Ober Kassel in 1436, and Kaschell in 1496). The name is derived from German Kassel and it is likely that the German name is derived from Latin castellum castle, referring to one or both castles on Kašelj Hill (Slovene: Kašeljski grič) east of the settlement. However, it is also possible that the name is derived from Latin casale 'peasant house, peasant settlement'. In the past the German name was Oberkaschel.
The church in Zgornji Kašelj is dedicated to Saint Andrew (Slovene: sveti Andrej). The church was first mentioned in written sources in 1520, when it was consecrated by Bishop Natalis de Turre. The church acquired its present form in the 18th century, and the altars date from the second half of the 19th century. The church has a choir railing with fine Rococo carving, which is said to have come from the Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity in Ljubljana. The church contains a painting of Saint Agnes by Anton Cebej. A Roman gravestone is built into the exterior wall of the chancel.
Notable people that were born or lived in Zgornji Kašelj include:
- Franc Černe (born 1923), economist
- Franc Erjavec (1834–1887), writer
- Franc Škofič (1848–1892), legal writer and playwright
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 371.
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 106. (Slovene)
- Ljubljana municipal site
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 187.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.