ZiS-151

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ZiS/ZiL-151, ZiL-157
ZIS151 V Pysma Museum.jpeg
ZIS-151 in the Verkhnyaya Pyshma museum, Sverdlovskaya Oblast, Russia
Overview
Manufacturer Plant named for Stalin/Likhachov
Also called Jiefang CA10, CA30
(License-built in China)
Production

ZiS-151: 1947-1956
ZiL-151: 1956-1966
ZiL-157: 1958-1966

Soviet Union USSR
Assembly Moscow, USSR
Body and chassis
Body style Conventional hood/cab
Layout 6x6, beam axles on leaf springs
Related
Powertrain
Engine ZiS/L-121 5.6 L (342 cu in) I6
ZiS-151: 92 hp (69 kW)
ZiL-157: 104 hp (78 kW)
Transmission 5 speed manual + 2 speed transfer case
Dimensions
Wheelbase 4,225 mm (166 in)
Length 6,930 mm (273 in)
Width 2,320 mm (91 in)
Height 2,310 mm (91 in) to 2,740 mm (108 in)
Curb weight 5,580 kg (12,302 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor ZiS-6
Successor ZIL-131
ZiS-151-base with P-3 radio-location station
ZiS-151-based BM-13-16 multiple rocket launcher.

The ZiS-151 (Russian: ЗиС-151) is a general-purpose truck, produced by the Soviet Union in 1947–58, at Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod imeni Stalina. In 1956, the factory was renamed Zavod imeni Likhacheva, and new trucks were called ZiL-151 (ЗиЛ-151).

The ZiS-151 was the first major Soviet military all-wheel-drive truck built following World War II, replacing the U.S. Studebaker US6 and earlier ZiS-6. Externally, it resembles the International Harvester KB-7.[citation needed] In early 1948, the cabs were made of wood, soon replaced with a steel cab. Tens of thousands were produced, including specialized versions for hauling different types of cargo. The Soviets also found the trucks an ideal platform for BM-13 Katyusha rocket launchers.

The most famous developments of ZiS-151 were the BTR-152 armored personnel carrier and the BAV 485 amphibious vehicle.

In 1958 ZiL-151 model was replaced by the ZIL-157, differed outwardly by grille and having single rear wheels, instead of the ZiL-151's dual wheels.

Engine and driveline[edit]

The ZiS-121 engine was closely copied from the Hercules JXD used in Studebaker US6 trucks supplied under lend-lease. A side-valve inline 6 with 92 hp (69 kW) at 2600rpm, the ZiL-57 was slightly more powerful with 104 hp (78 kW). A 102 mm (4.02 in) bore by 114 mm (4.49 in) stroke gave 5.6 L (342 cu in) in a very conservative and reliable engine. With a compression ratio of only 6:1 it could use very low octane gasoline. This engine was in continuous production from the ZiS-151 in 1947 until the license built Chinese CA-30 in 1986.

The transmission was a 5 speed with a direct 4th gear and overdrive 5th gear. The transfer case had high and low gears, and selectively engaged the front axle. Both front and rear axles were a split type.

Specifications[edit]

  • 6x6 4,500 kg (9,921 lb) ZIS-150 based truck
  • Engine: ZIS-121; 92 hp (69 kW)/2600 rpm, 6-cyl, 5555 cc
  • Bore/Stroke: 101.6/114.3 mm
  • Length: 6,930 mm (272.8 in), width: 2,320 mm (91.3 in), height: 2,310 mm (90.9 in)
  • Wheelbase: 4,225 mm (166.3 in), rear axis clearance: 260 mm (10.2 in)
  • Front wheel track: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)
  • Rear track: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
  • Turning radius on front outer wheel: 11.2 metres (36.7 ft)
  • Compression ratio: 6.0
  • Clutch: dry twin plate
  • Gearbox: 5x2 speeds
  • Weight (without load): 5,580 kg (12,302 lb)
  • Maximal speed (loaded, highway): 60 km/h (37 mph)
  • Tyres: 8,25x20 inches
  • Fuel tank capacity: 2x 150 litres (39.6 US gal; 33.0 imp gal)
  • Fuel consumption: 42 L/100 km (6.7 mpg-imp; 5.6 mpg-US)

Variants[edit]

  • ZiS-151: Original production version. Produced 1947-1958.
  • ZiS-121: Tractor-trailer version.
  • BAV 485: Amphibious military version.
  • ZiS-153: Prototype halftrack version. Produced in 1952.
  • ZiS-151G: Prototype for ZIL-157. Also called ZIL-E157.
  • BTR-152: Armored version.

See also[edit]

ZIL-157

References[edit]

  • Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 181. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1.