|This article does not cite any references or sources. (September 2009)|
ZIS-151 in the Verkhnyaya Pyshma museum, Sverdlovskaya Oblast, Russia
|Manufacturer||Plant named for Stalin/Likhachov|
|Also called||Jiefang CA10, CA30
(License-built in China)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Conventional hood/cab|
|Layout||6x6, beam axles on leaf springs|
|Engine||ZiS/L-121 5.6 L (342 cu in) I6
ZiS-151: 92 hp (69 kW)
ZiL-157: 104 hp (78 kW)
|Transmission||5 speed manual + 2 speed transfer case|
|Wheelbase||4,225 mm (166 in)|
|Length||6,930 mm (273 in)|
|Width||2,320 mm (91 in)|
|Height||2,310 mm (91 in) to 2,740 mm (108 in)|
|Curb weight||5,580 kg (12,302 lb)|
The ZiS-151 (Russian: ЗиС-151) is a general-purpose truck, produced by the Soviet Union in 1947–58, at Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod imeni Stalina. In 1956, the factory was renamed Zavod imeni Likhacheva, and new trucks were called ZiL-151 (ЗиЛ-151).
The ZiS-151 was the first major Soviet military all-wheel-drive truck built following World War II, replacing the U.S. Studebaker US6 and earlier ZiS-6. Externally, it resembles the International Harvester KB-7. In early 1948, the cabs were made of wood, soon replaced with a steel cab. Tens of thousands were produced, including specialized versions for hauling different types of cargo. The Soviets also found the trucks an ideal platform for BM-13 Katyusha rocket launchers.
In 1958 ZiL-151 model was replaced by the ZIL-157, differed outwardly by grille and having single rear wheels, instead of the ZiL-151's dual wheels.
Engine and driveline
The ZiS-121 engine was closely copied from the Hercules JXD used in Studebaker US6 trucks supplied under lend-lease. A side-valve inline 6 with 92 hp (69 kW) at 2600rpm, the ZiL-57 was slightly more powerful with 104 hp (78 kW). A 102 mm (4.02 in) bore by 114 mm (4.49 in) stroke gave 5.6 L (342 cu in) in a very conservative and reliable engine. With a compression ratio of only 6:1 it could use very low octane gasoline. This engine was in continuous production from the ZiS-151 in 1947 until the license built Chinese CA-30 in 1986.
The transmission was a 5 speed with a direct 4th gear and overdrive 5th gear. The transfer case had high and low gears, and selectively engaged the front axle. Both front and rear axles were a split type.
- 6x6 4,500 kg (9,921 lb) ZIS-150 based truck
- Engine: ZIS-121; 92 hp (69 kW)/2600 rpm, 6-cyl, 5555 cc
- Bore/Stroke: 101.6/114.3 mm
- Length: 6,930 mm (272.8 in), width: 2,320 mm (91.3 in), height: 2,310 mm (90.9 in)
- Wheelbase: 4,225 mm (166.3 in), rear axis clearance: 260 mm (10.2 in)
- Front wheel track: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)
- Rear track: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
- Turning radius on front outer wheel: 11.2 metres (36.7 ft)
- Compression ratio: 6.0
- Clutch: dry twin plate
- Gearbox: 5x2 speeds
- Weight (without load): 5,580 kg (12,302 lb)
- Maximal speed (loaded, highway): 60 km/h (37 mph)
- Tyres: 8,25x20 inches
- Fuel tank capacity: 2x 150 litres (39.6 US gal; 33.0 imp gal)
- Fuel consumption: 42 L/100 km (6.7 mpg-imp; 5.6 mpg-US)
- ZiS-151: Original production version. Produced 1947-1958.
- ZiS-121: Tractor-trailer version.
- BAV 485: Amphibious military version.
- ZiS-153: Prototype halftrack version. Produced in 1952.
- ZiS-151G: Prototype for ZIL-157. Also called ZIL-E157.
- BTR-152: Armored version.
- Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books. p. 181. ISBN 0-7548-2052-1.
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