|County of (Hohen-)Zollern
|State of the Holy Roman Empire|
Latin: Nihil Sine Deo
(English: Nothing without God)
Hohenzollern territories about 1370
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|-||Reunited as Prussian
Province of Hohenzollern
Zollern, from 1218 Hohenzollern, was a county of the Holy Roman Empire. Its ruling dynasty was the House of Hohenzollern, a Swabian noble family first mentioned in 1061. They named their estates after Hohenzollern Castle at the Swabian Alb; its capital was Hechingen. Its coat of arms was that of the ruling house.
According to the medieval chronicler Berthold of Reichenau, the nobleman Burkhard I, Count of Zollern (de Zolorin) was born before 1025 and died in 1061. By his name, an affiliation with the Alamannic dynasty of the Burchardings is possible, though not proven. The Zollerns received the comital title from Emperor Henry V in 1111. As loyal liensmen of the Swabian Hohenstaufen dynasty, they were able to significantly enlarge their territory. Count Frederick III (c. 1139 – c. 1200) accompanied Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa against Henry the Lion in 1180, and through his marriage was granted the Burgraviate of Nuremberg by Emperor Henry VI of Hohenstaufen in 1191. In 1218 the burgraviate passed to Frederick's younger son Conrad I, he thereby became the ancestor of the Franconian Hohenzollern branch, which acquired the Electorate of Brandenburg in 1415.
Affected by economic problems and internal feuds, the Hohenzollern counts from the 14th century onwards came under pressure by their mighty neighbours, the Counts of Württemberg and the cities of the Swabian League, whose troops besieged and finally destroyed Hohenzollern Castle in 1423. Nevertheless the Hohenzollerns retained their estates, backed by their Brandenburg cousins and the Imperial House of Habsburg. In 1534, Count Charles I of Hohenzollern (1512–1576) received the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen as Imperial fiefs.
In 1576, upon the death of Charles I, the County of Hohenzollern was divided up between his three sons:
- Eitel Frederick IV of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1545–1605)
- Charles II of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1547–1606)
- Christopher of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1552–1592)
In this way, the counties of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch were established. Haigerloch fell to Sigmaringen in 1767; Hechingen and Sigmaringen were reunited only when they were ceded to Prussia in 1849/1850, thereafter the Province of Hohenzollern.
- Burkhard I (died 1061)
- Frederick I (died before 1125)
- Frederick II (died about 1142), eldest son of Frederick I:XLI
- Burkhard II (died between 1150 and 1155), 2nd oldest son of Frederick I:XLI
- Gotfried of Zimmern (died 1150-1155 and 1160), 4th oldest son of Frederick I:XLI
- Frederick III (before 1171 – c. 1200), also Burgrave of Nuremberg (as Frederick I) from 1191
- Frederick IV (1204–1251/1255), also Burgrave of Nuremberg (as Frederick II) until 1218
- Frederick V (1251/1255–1289)
- Frederick VI (1289–1298)
- Frederick VII (1298–1309)
- Frederick VIII (1309–1333)
- Frederick IX (1333–1377)
- Frederick XI (1377–1401)
- Frederick XII (1401–1426)
- Eitel Frederick I (1426–1439)
- Jobst Nicholas I (1439–1488)
- Eitel Frederick II (1488–1512)
- Eitel Frederick III (1512–1525)
- Charles I (1525–1575)
- Schultze, Johannes; Seigel, Rudolf (1972). "Hohenzollern, Dynastengeschlecht". Neue deutsche Biographie, Bd.: 9, Hess - Hüttig, Berlin. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Hirsch, Theodor (1878). "Friedrich". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 7 (1878), S. 569 (online version). Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "Friedrich III. Graf von Zollern". Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Schmid, Ludwig (1862). "Geschichte der Grafen von Zollern-Hohenberg". Geschichte der Grafen von Zollern-Hohenberg. Anhang. Historisch-topographische Zusammenstellung der Grafschaft und Besitzungen des Hauses Zollern-Hohenberg. Google Book: Gebrüder Scheitlin. Retrieved February 1, 2013.