Zolotoy Rog

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Coordinates: 43°06′30″N 131°53′55″E / 43.10833°N 131.89861°E / 43.10833; 131.89861

Zolotoy Rog Bay and Egersheld peninsula.
View of Vladivostok and Zolotoy Rog Bay from space.

Zolotoy Rog Bay (Russian: Золотой Рог) is a sheltered horn-shaped bay separated from the Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan by Shkota Peninsula on the north-west, Cape Goldobina on the east-north-east, and Cape Tigrovy on the west. The bay is seven kilometers long, with a width of about two kilometers and a depth ranging from 20 to 27 meters. The Russian port of Vladivostok lies on the hills at the head of the bay.

Until the mid-19th century, the bay had been known to the Chinese as the "Gamat Bay". The first European ship known to have anchored in the bay was a French whaler in 1852. During the Crimean War, the British ship Winchester visited the bay while searching for Vasily Zavoyko's squadron. The British sailors called it Port May. In 1859, Count Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky gave the harbour its present name, which means "Golden Horn" in Russian, alluding to a similarly shaped harbour in Constantinople.