View from the upper station
|Operator(s)||UAB „Kauno Autobusai“|
|Line length||142 m (466 ft)|
|Number of tracks||1|
|Track gauge||1,200 mm (3 ft 11 1⁄4 in)|
|Operating speed||2 m/s (4.5 mph)|
Žaliakalnis Funicular (English: Green Hill Funicular) is a funicular railway in Kaunas, Lithuania. Built in 1931, it is the oldest funicular in Lithuania and is among the oldest vehicles of such type in the world still operational. The funicular is made of a wood-paneled coachwork and climbs 142 metres (466 ft) up from behind the Vytautas the Great War Museum to the Basilica of the Resurrection.
It was constructed by engineering firm Curt Rudolph Transportanlagen from Dresden, Germany with electrical equipment from AEG and mechanical parts from Bell Maschinenfabrik, Switzerland. The official opening was on 5 August 1931 with one passenger car, while the second car was only a platform ballasted with stones used to counterbalance the passenger car. The electric overhead power cable and the pantographs of the coaches are only used for lighting and heating of the cars. The upper station housed the electrically driven funicular mechanism in the basement, whilst the lower end of the line did not even have a shelter until 1932.
The funicular succeeded and became very popular transportation for the city inhabitants and guests. It is known that about 5 million passengers were moved using it between 1950 and 1970.
The funicular was renovated between 1935 and 1937. New, larger cars with car bodies from Napoleonas Dobkevičius on underframes from Bell Maschinenfabrik were built, and the lower station was given a proper building.
The Žaliakalnis Funicular Railway was included into the Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites of the Republic of Lithuania in 1993.
- "Ekskursijos po Kauną: ir patys galite skaityti architektūrą". Kauno.Diena.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- "Nemunas; Koks jis, Žaliakalnio ir "Nemuno" funikulierius?" (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 13 August 2011.
- "Funikulieriai – vieni įdomiausių technikos paminklų ne tik Lietuvoje". Kaunas.kasvyksta.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "The Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites: Unique object code: 16773". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Kaunas Was Awarded a European Heritage Label". visit.kaunas.lt. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
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