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Menominee Nation Chief Oshkosh

Menominee Tribe v. United States, 391 U.S. 404 (1968), was a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that the Menominee Indian Tribe would keep their historical hunting and fishing rights even after the federal government ceased to recognize the tribe. It was a landmark decision in Native American case law. The tribe, led by Menominee Nation Chief Oshkosh (pictured), had entered into treaties with the United States which did not specifically state that they retained hunting and fishing rights. In 1961, Congress terminated the tribe's federal recognition, and two years later, three members of the tribe were charged with violating Wisconsin's hunting laws on former reservation land. The Indians were acquitted, but when the state appealed, the Wisconsin Supreme Court held that the tribe no longer had hunting and fishing rights due to the termination action. The tribe sued the United States in the U.S. Court of Claims, which ruled that tribal members retained those rights. Opposite rulings by the state and federal courts brought the issue to the Supreme Court, which ruled in the tribe's favor. (Full article...)

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Dolomite

Dolomite (shown here with magnesite) is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate. It forms white, tan, gray, or pink crystals, which do not react with dilute hydrochloric acid. Termed "stinking stone" by naturalist Belsazar Hacquet, the mineral gives the smell of petroleum when rubbed. It has multiple uses, including as a radiation buffer and a catalyst for destruction of tar.

Photograph: Didier Descouens

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