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Juan Manuel de Rosas

Juan Manuel de Rosas (30 March 1793 – 14 March 1877) was an army officer who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Like other wealthy provincial warlords, Rosas enlisted rural workers from his landholdings in a private militia, and took part in the numerous disputes and civil wars in his country. He eventually became the undisputed leader of the Argentine army and the Federalist Party. In 1831, he signed the Federal Pact, recognizing provincial autonomy and creating the Argentine Confederation. He established a dictatorship and formed the repressive Mazorca, an armed parapolice that killed thousands of citizens. By 1848, after a war against the Peru–Bolivian Confederation, a blockade by France, and a revolt in his own province, he ruled all of Argentina, and was attempting to annex the neighboring nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. When the Empire of Brazil came to Uruguay's aid, Rosas declared war in August 1851. The short Platine War ended with the defeat of Rosas and his flight to Britain. His last years were spent in exile living as a tenant farmer. (Full article...)

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Juan Manuel de Rosas (b. 1793) · Vincent van Gogh (b. 1853) · James Cagney (d. 1986)

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Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter. As Van Gogh's work developed, he painted such subjects as still lifes, peasant labourers, landscapes, olive trees, wheat fields, and sunflowers, and over time he used increasingly brighter colours. Van Gogh sold few paintings during his lifetime, and was considered a madman and a failure. However, since the early 20th century he has attained widespread critical and popular acclaim, and his works are among the world's most expensive paintings.

Painting: Vincent van Gogh

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