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Lockheed L-049 Constellation, similar to the aircraft that crashed
Lockheed L-049 Constellation, similar to the aircraft that crashed

Paradise Airlines Flight 901A was a passenger flight from San Jose Municipal Airport to Tahoe Valley Airport in the United States. On March 1, 1964, the Lockheed L-049 Constellation (example pictured) serving the flight crashed near Genoa Peak, on the eastern side of Lake Tahoe, killing all 85 aboard. The cause of the accident was the pilot's decision to attempt to land at Tahoe Valley Airport when the visibility was too low. After aborting the attempt, the crew lost awareness of the plane's location as it flew below the minimum safe altitude in mountainous terrain. The pilot likely tried to fly through a low mountain pass to divert to the airport in Reno, Nevada, and crashed into a mountain near the pass. At the time, it was the second-deadliest single-plane crash in United States history. It remains the worst accident involving the Lockheed L-049 Constellation. The Federal Aviation Administration revoked the airline's operating certificate, causing them to permanently shut down. (Full article...)

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Did you know ...

John Cowans
John Cowans
  • ... that British prime minister H. H. Asquith described John Cowans (pictured) as "the best Quartermaster since Moses"?
  • ... that historians oppose the removal of a 150-year-old mosque in New Delhi for alleged traffic congestion, citing its cultural significance?
  • ... that the Canadian journalist Bernard Descôteaux is credited with the economic revival of the independent newspaper Le Devoir?
  • ... that a Virginia TV station made payroll early on by trading in car titles for cash?
  • ... that Métis guide Pierre St. Germain was forced to remain with an Arctic expedition he considered too dangerous?
  • ... that songs recorded by Ben&Ben will be featured in the musical adaptation of the film One More Chance?
  • ... that Mount Churchill, a volcano in Alaska, distributed ash as far as Europe and may have driven migration from Canada to southwestern North America?
  • ... that although the Jesuit missionary He Tianzhang despised his "sad Chinese appearance", it allowed him to circumvent the Qing's ban on Christianity and enter China?

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Feleti Teo in 2016
Feleti Teo

On this day

March 1: Disability Day of Mourning; Saint David's Day; Independence Day in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992); Yap Day in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia

Dmitri Mendeleev
Dmitri Mendeleev
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Ramsey Campbell
Ramsey Campbell

The World Fantasy Award—Short Fiction is given each year for fantasy short stories published in English. The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction published in English during the previous calendar year. A work of fiction is defined by the organization as short fiction if it is 10,000 words or less in length. During the 49 years, 182 authors have had works nominated; 50 of them have won, including ties and co-authors. Only five authors have won more than once: Ramsey Campbell (pictured) and James Blaylock have two wins out of four nominations each, Stephen King won twice out of three nominations, and Tanith Lee and Fred Chappell won both times they were each nominated. Of the authors who have won at least once, Jeffrey Ford and Kelly Link have the most nominations, with five each, followed by Dennis Etchison and Avram Davidson, who along with Campbell and Blaylock received four nominations. Charles de Lint has the most nominations without winning, at five; he is followed by Michael Swanwick, who has had four nominations without winning. (This list is part of a featured topic: World Fantasy Award.)

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Castle Bravo

Castle Bravo was the first in a series of high-yield thermonuclear-weapon design tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, as part of Operation Castle. Detonated on March 1, 1954, the device was the most powerful nuclear device detonated by the United States and the first lithium deuteride–fueled thermonuclear weapon tested using the Teller–Ulam design. Castle Bravo's yield was 15 megatonnes of TNT (63 petajoules), 2.5 times the predicted 6 megatonnes of TNT (25 petajoules), due to unforeseen additional reactions involving lithium-7, which led to radioactive contamination in the surrounding area. This photograph shows the Castle Bravo nuclear device, known as SHRIMP, in its shot cab.

Photograph credit: United States Atomic Energy Commission; restored by Bammesk

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