From today's featured article
Did you know ...
- ... that William H. Davis (pictured) was the first teacher of Booker T. Washington and the first African American to be nominated as a candidate for West Virginia governor in 1888?
- ...that defence was not a significant factor in the design or placement of Earlstoun Castle, which was unusual for a 16th-century tower house?
- ... that Baya Gamani was freed from prison by his captor, King Mohnyin Thado, to defend the capital region of Ava?
- ... that the Manila Standard described the concert Two for the Knight as the "biggest team-up of a foreign and local artist" in the Philippines?
- ... that hostile references towards Anglo-Egyptian rule in Sudan by Khalil Farah were hidden in colloquial Sudanese Arabic?
- ... that when the University of South Dakota started a radio station, the transmitter was built by student and future Nobel Prize winner Ernest Lawrence?
- ... that the 1971 Hazelwood massacre was the largest mass murder in the history of "Murder City"?
- ... that taxation may have played a part in the fall of the Roman Empire?
In the news
- Salman Rushdie (pictured), author of The Satanic Verses, is critically injured after a knife attack at a speech in the United States.
- A mass die-off of fish, beavers and other wildlife occurs in the Oder river in Poland, causing a health and environmental crisis.
- A mass shooting after a family conflict in Cetinje, Montenegro, leaves 11 people dead and 6 others injured.
- The Chess Olympiad concludes with Uzbekistan winning the open event and Ukraine winning the women's event.
On this day
- 1264 – War of Saint Sabas: A Genoese fleet captured or sank most of the ships of a Venetian trade convoy off the Albanian coast.
- 1842 – American Indian Wars: General William J. Worth declared an end to the Second Seminole War, fought between U.S. forces and the Seminole people of Florida.
- 1888 – One of the first recordings of music, of Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord" (audio featured), was played at a press conference in London to introduce Thomas Edison's phonograph.
- 2010 – The inaugural edition of the Youth Olympic Games opened in Singapore for athletes aged between 14 and 18.
Today's featured picture
The ortolan bunting (Emberiza hortulana) is a species of bird in the bunting family, Emberizidae. A native of most European countries and western Asia, it reaches as far north as Scandinavia and beyond the Arctic Circle, frequenting cornfields and their neighbourhoods. It is an uncommon vagrant in spring, and particularly in autumn, to the British Isles. Seeds are the bird's natural diet, but beetles and other insects are taken when feeding their young. The ortolan is served in French cuisine, typically cooked and eaten whole. Traditionally diners cover their heads with their napkin or a towel while eating the delicacy. The species is so widely used that its French populations dropped dangerously low, leading to laws restricting its use in 1999. In September 2007, the French government announced its intent to enforce long-ignored laws protecting the bird. This ortolan bunting in flight was photographed in the Sierra de Guara, a mountain range in Aragon, Spain.
Photograph credit: Pierre Dalous