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( Alpine chough Pyrrhocorax graculus) is a bird in the crow family, one of two species in the genus Pyrrhocorax. Its two subspecies breed in high mountains from Spain east through southern Europe and North Africa to Central Asia, India and China. It has nested at 6,500 m (21,300 ft), higher than any other bird species, and its eggs have adaptations that improve oxygen intake and reduce water loss at these altitudes. This bird has glossy black plumage, a yellow bill, and red legs. Widely spread flight feathers allow acrobatic manoeuvres. A large bird with distinctive whistling calls, it pairs for life and displays fidelity to its breeding site, usually a cave or crevice in a cliff face. Building a lined stick nest, it lays three to five brown-speckled pale beige eggs. It feeds on fruit in winter and mainly invertebrate prey in grazed grassland in summer. Although some localised populations have declined due to predation, parasitism and changes in agricultural practices, this widespread and abundant species is not threatened globally. Climate change may present a long-term threat by shifting the bird's alpine habitat even higher. ( ) Full article...
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Did you know...
Kaushiki Chakraborty (pictured) sings khayals and thumris, which in Hindustani music are considered semi-classical or light classical? ... that the
may soon become extinct because of overfishing, while across the Atlantic, the Brazilian guitarfish and the common guitarfish are also endangered? blackchin guitarfish ... that
, president of the Lu Jiaxi Chinese Academy of Sciences, was a student of the American Nobel laureate Linus Pauling? ... that
in the first Port Phillip played Van Diemen's Land first-class cricket match in Australia, on 11 and 12 February 1851? ... that the 1986 video game
required the player to call a dedicated telephone number to request a nuclear strike? Theatre Europe ... that
, a Peter Molydeux Twitter account which parodies the audacious language of Peter Molyneux's video game ideas, inspired Molyneux to leave Microsoft and return to his indie game development roots? ... that
confronted falling enrollment at Ralph Waldo Swetman Oswego State Teachers College by luring an Air Corps unit to the school? ... that one of
, "A.D.I.D.A.S.", is an the songs recorded by Little Mix acronym for "All Day I Dream About Sex"?
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On this day...
: February 12 Red Hand Day
1818 – On the first anniversary of its victory in the Battle of Chacabuco, Chile formally from Spain. declared its independence
1855 – in Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan, was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, the United States' first agricultural college.
1912 – Xinhai Revolution: , the last Puyi Emperor of China, abdicated under a deal brokered by military official and politician Yuan Shikai, formally replacing the Qing Dynasty with a new republic in China.
1946 – Black United States Army veteran was severely beaten by a Isaac Woodard South Carolina police officer to the point that he lost his vision in both eyes, an incident that galvanized the Civil Rights Movement.
1993 – Two-year-old was led away from James Bulger New Strand Shopping Centre in Bootle, England, and brutally murdered by two ten-year-old boys, who became the youngest convicted murderers in modern English history.
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is an annual science prize established in 1980 by Crafoord Prize Holger Crafoord, a Swedish industrialist, and his wife Anna-Greta Crafoord. Administered by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the prize is awarded in four categories: astronomy and mathematics; geosciences; biosciences, with particular emphasis on ecology; and polyarthritis, the disease from which Holger severely suffered in his last years. Only one award is given each year, according to a rotating scheme – astronomy and mathematics; then geosciences; then biosciences. The recipient of the Crafoord Prize is announced each year in mid-January; on Crafoord Day in April, the prize is presented by the King of Sweden, who also presents the Nobel Prizes at the ceremony in December. The prize money is intended to fund further research by the winner. The inaugural winners, Vladimir Arnold and Louis Nirenberg, were cited by the Academy for their work in the field of non-linear differential equations. The first woman to be awarded the prize was astronomer Andrea Ghez (pictured) in 2012. ( ) Full list...
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