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Henry Hoʻolulu Pitman

Henry Hoʻolulu Pitman (1845–1863) was one of more than one hundred Native Hawaiians and Hawaiian-born combatants who fought in the American Civil War while Hawaii was still an independent kingdom. His father was a merchant from Massachusetts and his mother, Kinoʻoleoliliha, was a Hawaiian noble. He returned to the United States with his father for his education, but ran away from school without his family's knowledge and enlisted in the Union Army as a private. Despite his mixed-race ancestry, he avoided the racial segregation imposed on other Hawaiian recruits of the time and was assigned to a white regiment. He fought in the Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign and befriended Robert G. Carter, a memoirist of the Civil War. On the march to Fredericksburg, he was separated from his regiment and captured by Confederate guerrilla forces. He was marched to Richmond and incarcerated in Libby Prison, where he contracted a lung disease from the harsh conditions. He died on February 27, 1863, after his release on parole in a prisoner exchange. His legacy has sparked renewed interest in the role Hawaiians played in the Civil War. (Full article...)

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Curtis P. Iaukea
Curtis P. Iaukea

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Artist’s impression of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system
Artist’s impression of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system

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February 27: Shrove Monday (Western Christianity, 2017); Losar in Bhutan and Tibet (2017); Tsagaan Sar in Mongolia (2017)

Manuel Belgrano
Manuel Belgrano

Chelsea Clinton (b. 1980) · Ivan Pavlov (d. 1936)

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Billy Crystal in 2012
Billy Crystal

The 69th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 24, 1997, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories honoring films released in 1996. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Billy Crystal (pictured) hosted for the fifth time, having last emceed the 65th ceremony held in 1993. The English Patient won nine awards including Best Picture. Other winners included Fargo with two awards including Best Actress for Frances McDormand. The telecast garnered 40 million viewers in the United States. (Full list...)

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Ellen Terry

Ellen Terry (1847–1928) was an English actress who became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain. Born into a family of actors, she began performing as a child and toured widely in Britain in her teens. Among other comic and dramatic roles, she gained fame for her portrayals of Portia in The Merchant of Venice and Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing, opposite Henry Irving, both in Britain and America. She later managed the Imperial Theatre in London, lectured, and continued to act until 1922.

Photograph: Julia Margaret Cameron

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