From today's featured article
Paradise Airlines Flight 901A was a passenger flight from San Jose Municipal Airport to Tahoe Valley Airport in the United States. On March 1, 1964, the Lockheed L-049 Constellation (example pictured) serving the flight crashed near Genoa Peak, on the eastern side of Lake Tahoe, killing all 85 aboard. The cause of the accident was the pilot's decision to attempt to land at Tahoe Valley Airport when the visibility was too low. After aborting the attempt, the crew lost awareness of the plane's location as it flew below the minimum safe altitude in mountainous terrain. The pilot likely tried to fly through a low mountain pass to divert to the airport in Reno, Nevada, and crashed into a mountain near the pass. At the time, it was the second-deadliest single-plane crash in United States history. It remains the worst accident involving the Lockheed L-049 Constellation. The Federal Aviation Administration revoked the airline's operating certificate, causing them to permanently shut down. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
- ... that British prime minister H. H. Asquith described John Cowans (pictured) as "the best Quartermaster since Moses"?
- ... that historians oppose the removal of a 150-year-old mosque in New Delhi for alleged traffic congestion, citing its cultural significance?
- ... that the Canadian journalist Bernard Descôteaux is credited with the economic revival of the independent newspaper Le Devoir?
- ... that a Virginia TV station made payroll early on by trading in car titles for cash?
- ... that Métis guide Pierre St. Germain was forced to remain with an Arctic expedition he considered too dangerous?
- ... that songs recorded by Ben&Ben will be featured in the musical adaptation of the film One More Chance?
- ... that Mount Churchill, a volcano in Alaska, distributed ash as far as Europe and may have driven migration from Canada to southwestern North America?
- ... that although the Jesuit missionary He Tianzhang despised his "sad Chinese appearance", it allowed him to circumvent the Qing's ban on Christianity and enter China?
In the news
- Following the general election, Feleti Teo (pictured) is appointed Prime Minister of Tuvalu.
- The Odysseus robotic lander of the IM-1 mission performs the first commercial soft landing on the Moon.
- At the British Academy Film Awards, Oppenheimer wins Best Film and six other awards.
- Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny dies in a corrective labor colony near Kharp, at the age of 47.
On this day
- 1562 – An attempt by Francis, Duke of Guise, to disperse a church service by Huguenots in Wassy, France, turned into a massacre, resulting in 50 dead, and starting the French Wars of Religion.
- 1869 – The Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (pictured) finished his design of the first periodic table.
- 1921 – The Australian cricket team, led by Warwick Armstrong, became the first team to complete a whitewash in the Ashes, an achievement that would not be repeated for 86 years.
- 1936 – Hoover Dam, straddling the Arizona–Nevada border on the Colorado River, was completed.
- 1992 – Amidst tensions during the 1992 Bosnian independence referendum, a Bosnian-Serb wedding procession was attacked in Sarajevo, killing the father of the groom.
From today's featured list
The World Fantasy Award—Short Fiction is given each year for fantasy short stories published in English. The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction published in English during the previous calendar year. A work of fiction is defined by the organization as short fiction if it is 10,000 words or less in length. During the 49 years, 182 authors have had works nominated; 50 of them have won, including ties and co-authors. Only five authors have won more than once: Ramsey Campbell (pictured) and James Blaylock have two wins out of four nominations each, Stephen King won twice out of three nominations, and Tanith Lee and Fred Chappell won both times they were each nominated. Of the authors who have won at least once, Jeffrey Ford and Kelly Link have the most nominations, with five each, followed by Dennis Etchison and Avram Davidson, who along with Campbell and Blaylock received four nominations. Charles de Lint has the most nominations without winning, at five; he is followed by Michael Swanwick, who has had four nominations without winning. (This list is part of a featured topic: World Fantasy Award.)
Today's featured picture
Castle Bravo was the first in a series of high-yield thermonuclear-weapon design tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, as part of Operation Castle. Detonated on March 1, 1954, the device was the most powerful nuclear device detonated by the United States and the first lithium deuteride–fueled thermonuclear weapon tested using the Teller–Ulam design. Castle Bravo's yield was 15 megatonnes of TNT (63 petajoules), 2.5 times the predicted 6 megatonnes of TNT (25 petajoules), due to unforeseen additional reactions involving lithium-7, which led to radioactive contamination in the surrounding area. This photograph shows the Castle Bravo nuclear device, known as SHRIMP, in its shot cab.