|European Union regulation|
|Title||Council Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters|
|Applicability||All EU countries except Denmark|
|Made under||Article 61(c) and Article 67(1) of the TEC|
|Journal reference||OJ L 174, 27 June 2001, pp. 1–24|
|Date made||28 May 2001|
|Came into force||1 July 2001|
|Implementation date||1 January 2004|
Council Regulation (EC) No. 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters is a European Union regulation in the field of judicial cooperation. It allows taking of evidence from one member state to another without recourse to consular and diplomatic channels. The regulation applies to all the member states of the European Union with the exception of Denmark. The 2015 Danish European Union opt-out referendum, which would have opted-in, was rejected by the populace.
Taking of evidence in civil cases prior to the regulation was done by either under the Hague Evidence Convention or by means of a letter rogatory (also called a letter of request), a formal request from a court in one country to take evidence to another in which the witness is domiciled. This formal document usually required transmission from the originating court to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) in the state of origin, who then forwarded it, possibly through various embassies, to the MFA in the destination state. The foreign MFA would then pass the documents to the judicial authorities in that state, who would then go about obtaining the required evidence. The evidence would then be returned via the same long winded channels.
This regulation enables a somewhat simplified route by allowing direct contact between the courts in the member states. A standardised request form included in the annex to the regulation must be used. This aids the process by being widely recognised by the relevant authorities. The regulation also contains various articles to promote the use of communication technologies such as telephone conferencing and videoconferencing.