État 141-001 to 141-250
141.C.100 on the Train à Vapeur de Touraine heritage railway, 28 August 1983.
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Schneider et Cie. (190)
|UIC classification||1′D1′ h2|
|Gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|850 mm (33.46 in)|
|Driver diameter||1,650 mm (64.96 in)|
|1,250 mm (49.21 in)|
|Length||13 m (42 ft 8 in)|
|Weight on drivers||67.8 t|
|Locomotive weight||87.0 tonnes (85.6 long tons; 95.9 short tons)|
|Tender weight||54.6 tonnes (53.7 long tons; 60.2 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||9 or 12 tonnes|
|Water capacity||22,000 litres (4,800 imp gal; 5,800 US gal)|
|Tender capacity||7.0 tonnes (6.9 long tons; 7.7 short tons)|
|Boiler pressure||12 kg/cm2 (1.18 MPa; 171 psi), later 14 kg/cm2 (1.37 MPa; 199 psi)|
|Firegrate area||3.87 m2 (41.7 sq ft)|
|207.37 m2 (2,232.1 sq ft)|
|Superheater area||46.35 m2 (498.9 sq ft)|
|Cylinder size||630 mm × 700 mm (24.80 in × 27.56 in)|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
|Power output||1,700 hp (1,268 kW)|
|Operator(s)||Chemins de Fer de l'État → SNCF|
|Number(s)||État: 141-001 to 141-250
SNCF: 140.B.1 to 140.B.250
later 140.C.1 to 140.C.250
The series of 250 engines, numbered 141-001 to 141-250 were built in 1921. They were renumbered 141.B.001 to 141.B.250 by the SNCF in 1938 and ended their career in the West of France at the end of the 1960s.
|Year||Manufacturer||Serial nos.||État nos.||SNCF nos.||Notes|
|1920||Schneider et Cie.||3630–3739||141-001 – 141-110||3-141.B.1 – 110|
|1921–1922||Schneider et Cie.||3740–3819||141-111 – 141-190||3-141.B.111 – 110|
|1923||SACM (Graffenstaden)||7232–7291||141-191 – 141-250||3-141.B.191 – 250|
The engines were capable of a speed of up 100 km/h. Their light weight per axle made them capable of hauling both passenger and goods trains on most of the Chemins de Fer de l'État’s network and of the former Chemins de Fer de l'Ouest. Due to the need of a simple to operate and solid locomotive, the Chemins de Fer de l'État even went to choose the pressure of the boiler (or timbre in French). The pressure was 12 kp/cm² or 12 hectopièzes (old units of measurement, 1.2 MPa in modern units), this enabled to machine to develop an output of 1,540 hp (1,150 kW) at 60 km/h and 830 hp (620 kW) at 100 km/h. From 1932 the timbre was increased to 14 kp/m² to obtain a power of 1,700 hp (1,300 kW) at 60 km/h and 1,160 hp (870 kW) at 100 km/h; locomotives were recoded from "B" to "C" as this work was done.
141.C.50 was rebuilt at Sotteville-lès-Rouen in 1928. This depot was built by the British and was the largest of the Chemins de Fer de l'Ouest (part of the État from 1908). There it received new Renaud type valves, saving 9.8% coal. It also received a Kylchap exhaust.
One locomotive has been preserved: 141.C.100 (and tender 22.B.609) are in working order and are listed as a Monument historique.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to État 141-001 to 141-250.|