157th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
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|158th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
|Active||Mustered in:19 September 1862;
Mustered out: 10 July 1865.
|Philip P. Brown, Jr|
On August 13, 1862, Colonel Philip P. Brown, Jr. was authorized to recruit this regiment in the then 23d Senatorial District of the State. It was organized at Hamilton, convening in the service of the United States for three years from September 19, 1862. On June 22, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 54th New York Volunteer Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally:
- A at Hamilton, Madison, Sherburne and Georgetown;
- B at Oneida;
- C at Hamilton, Cincinnatus, Marathon, Cuyler, Taylor, Willet, Solon, Freetown and Pitcher;
- D at Scott, Preble and Homer;
- E at Cortland, Virgil, Harford and Cortlandville;
- F at Smyrna, Smithfield, Lebanon, Georgetown, Hamilton, Eaton and Madison;
- G at Canastota, Lennox, Clockville, Wampsville, Oneida and Hamilton;
- H at Homer, Truxton and Cortlandville;
- I at Sullivan, Smithfield and Hamilton;
- K at Cortlandville, Marathon, Harford, Freetown and Virgil.
The regiment left the State September 25, 1862.
Service dates are as follows:
- From October, 1862 - 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 11th Corps
- From July 13, 1863 - 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Corps
- From August, 1863 - 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, 10th Corps, on Folly and Morris Islands, S. C.,
- From January, 1864 - in Schimmelfenning's Division, 10th Corps
- From February, 1864 - 1st Brigade, Ames' Division, 10th Corps, then in the District of Florida
- From June 15, 1864 - at Beaufort
- From September 5, 1864 - on Morris Island, S. C.
- From October 22 to November 28, 1864 - at Fort Pulaski, Ga
- From November 1864 - 1st, Potter's, Brigade, Coast Division, Department of the Gulf
- From February 1865 - at Georgetown, S. C.
- July 10, 1865 - Commanded by Col. James C. Carmichael, it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Charleston, S. C.
During the American Civil War the 157th participated in the Mud March, the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the Battle of Gettysburg. On the first day at Gettysburg they suffered in heavy fighting north of the town. On the second day they were a reserve regiment rushed to the aid of the 137th New York holding the right flank on Culp's Hill.
They guarded the "Immortal 600" Confederate officers at Fort Pulaski, Georgia. This was a special group of prisoners that were there for the "purpose of retaliation". Col. Brown and his men, though, treated the prisoners better than their orders specified and this led to an official reprimand for Col. Brown, much to the Confederates' dismay.
- "Cortland County Enlistment 157th NYVI In Town Order". rootsweb.com.
- Killed in action, 5 officers, 50 enlisted men;
- Died of wounds received in action, 2 Officers, 40 enlisted men;
- Died of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 104 enlisted men;
- Total, 9 officers, 194 enlisted men;
- Aggregate, 203; of whom 1 officer, 4 enlisted men, died in the hands of the enemy
- Phisterer, Frederick (1912). New York in the War of the Rebellion. 5 (3rd ed.). Albany: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 3831–3843.
- "54th Regiment, New York Infantry". familysearch.org.
- "157th New York Infantry Regiment". civilwarintheeast.com.
- "Immortal 600 Living History Event". National Park Service: Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia.
- Mauriel Phillips Joslyn. Immortal Captives. Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna. pp. 171–172. ISBN 978-1-58980-588-0.
- "157th Infantry Regiment, Madison and Cortland Regiment". New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs.
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